Subapartado B: Elegibilidad del Estado

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La bandera de los EE.UU.Estas regulaciones en inglés | These regulations in English

Las regulaciones finales a continuación fueron traducidas por NICHCY como parte de nuestro currículo de capacitación, Building the Legacy/Construyendo el Legado: IDEA 2004.

NICHCY tiene el agrado de ofrecer estos materiales en español los cuales servirán como un recurso para familias de habla hispana en los Estados Unidos. Esperamos que esta información le ayudará a aprender más acerca de la ley de educación especial en los Estados Unidos, el Acta para la Educación de Individuos con Discapacidades (IDEA, por sus siglas en inglés), tal como ha sido enmendada en el año 2004. Esta ley es muy importante para los niños con discapacidades y sus familias.

La lista abajo refleja exactamente el órden y contenido de las regulaciones oficiales en inglés. Las que hemos traducidas al español son indicados con un asterisco rojo (*) y un enlace al contenido en español. Hemos dejado las regulaciones no traducidas en inglés para que Ud. pueda leerlas, si quiera y pueda, y para que sepa que hay más regulaciones que las que hemos traducido.

___________________________________________________

Quisiéramos expresar nuestro agradecimiento
a los dos traductores:

Bernardita McCormick
Miguel S. González

__________________________________________________

* Estas traducciones no son traducciones oficiales de las regulaciones
de IDEA, y no deberán ser consideradas como tal.

Subapartado B—Elegibilidad del Estado

General

§ 300.100 Eligibility for assistance.

FAPE Requirements

§ 300.101 Free appropriate public education (FAPE).

§ 300.102 Limitation—exception to FAPE for certain ages.

Other FAPE Requirements

§ 300.103 FAPE—methods and payments.

§ 300.104 Residential placement.

§ 300.105 Assistive technology.

§ 300.106 Servicios de año escolar extendido.*

§ 300.107 Servicios no académicos.*

§ 300.108 Educación física.

§ 300.109 Full educational opportunity goal (FEOG).

§ 300.110 Opciones de programa.*

§ 300.111 Identificación de Niños.

§ 300.112 Individualized education programs (IEP).

§ 300.113 Routine checking of hearing aids and external components of surgically implanted medical devices.

Ambiente Menos Restrictivo (LRE)*

§ 300.114 Requisitos del LRE.*

§ 300.115 Continuo de ubicaciones alternativas.*

§ 300.116 Ubicaciones.*

§ 300.117 Ambientes no académicos.*

§ 300.118 Niños en instituciones  públicas o privadas.*

§ 300.119 Asistencia técnica y actividades de entrenamiento.*

§ 300.120 Actividades de monitoreo.*

Additional Eligibility Requirements

§ 300.121 Procedural safeguards.

§ 300.122 Evaluation.

§ 300.123 Confidentiality of personally identifiable information.

§ 300.124 Transition of children from the Part C program to preschool programs.

§§ 300.125-300.128 [Reserved]

Children in Private Schools

§ 300.129 State responsibility regarding children in private schools.

Niños con Discapacidades Matriculados por sus Padres en Escuelas Privadas*

§ 300.130 Definición de niños con discapacidades ubicados por sus padres en escuelas privadas.*

§ 300.131 “Identificación de Niños” para niños con discapacidades ubicados por sus padres en escuelas privadas.*

§ 300.132 Provisión de servicios para niños con discapacidades ubicados por sus padres en escuelas privadas—requisito básico.*

§ 300.133 Gastos.*

§ 300.134 Consulta.*

§ 300.135 Afirmación escrita.*

§ 300.136 Conformidad.

§ 300.137 Servicios equitativos determinados.*

§ 300.138 Entrega de servicios equitativos.*

§ 300.139 Localización de los servicios y transporte.*

§ 300.140 Quejas de proceso debido y quejas Estatales.*

§ 300.141 Requisito de que los fondos no beneficien a una escuela privada.*

§ 300.142 Uso de personal.*

§ 300.143 Clases separadas prohibidas.*

§ 300.144 Propiedad, equipo y materiales.*

Children With Disabilities in Private Schools Placed or Referred by Public Agencies

§ 300.145 Applicability of §§300.146 through 300.147.

§ 300.146 Responsibility of SEA.

§ 300.147 Implementation by SEA.

Children With Disabilities Enrolled by Their Parents in Private Schools When FAPE Is at Issue

§ 300.148 Placement of children by parents when FAPE is at issue.

SEA Responsibility for General Supervision and Implementation of Procedural Safeguards

§ 300.149 SEA responsibility for general supervision.

§ 300.150 SEA implementation of procedural safeguards.

Procedimientos de Queja Estatal *

§ 300.151 Adopción de procedimientos de queja Estatal. *

§ 300.152 Procedimientos mínimos de queja Estatal. *

§ 300.153 Presentación de una queja. *

Methods of Ensuring Services

§ 300.154 Methods of ensuring services.

Additional Eligibility Requirements

§ 300.155 Hearings relating to LEA eligibility.

§ 300.156 Personnel qualifications.

§ 300.157 Performance goals and indicators.

§§ 300.158-300.159 [Reserved]

§ 300.160 Participation in assessments.

§ 300.161 [Reserved]

§ 300.162 Supplementation of State, local, and other Federal funds.

§ 300.163 Maintenance of State financial support.

§ 300.164 Waiver of requirement regarding supplementing and not supplanting with Part B funds.

§ 300.165 Public participation.

§ 300.166 Rule of construction.

State Advisory Panel

§ 300.167 State advisory panel.

§ 300.168 Membership.

§ 300.169 Duties.

Other Provisions Required for State Eligibility

§ 300.170 Suspension and expulsion rates.

§ 300.171 Annual description of use of Part B funds.

§ 300.172 Acceso a los materiales de instrucción. *

§ 300.173 Overidentification and disproportionality.

§ 300.174 Prohibition on mandatory medication.

§ 300.175 SEA as provider of FAPE or direct services.

§ 300.176 Exception for prior State plans.

§ 300.177 States’ sovereign immunity.

Department Procedures

§ 300.178 Determination by the Secretary that a State is eligible to receive a grant.

§ 300.179 Notice and hearing before determining that a State is not eligible to receive a grant.

§ 300.180 Hearing official or panel.

§ 300.181 Hearing procedures.

§ 300.182 Initial decision; final decision.

§ 300.183 Filing requirements.

§ 300.184 Judicial review.

§ 300.185 [Reserved]

§ 300.186 Assistance under other Federal programs.

By-pass for Children in Private Schools

§ 300.190 By-pass—general.

§ 300.191 Provisions for services under a by-pass.

§ 300.192 Notice of intent to implement a by-pass.

§ 300.193 Request to show cause.

§ 300.194 Show cause hearing.

§ 300.195 Decision.

§ 300.196 Filing requirements.

§ 300.197 Judicial review.

§ 300.198 Continuation of a by-pass.

State Administration

§ 300.199 State administration.

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Subapartado B—Elegibilidad del Estado

General

§ 300.100 Eligibility for assistance.

A State is eligible for assistance under Part B of the Act for a fiscal year if the State submits a plan that provides assurances to the Secretary that the State has in effect policies and procedures to ensure that the State meets the conditions in §§300.101 through 300.176.

(Approved by the Office of Management and Budget under control number 1820–0030)

(Authority: 20 U.S.C. 1412(a))

FAPE Requirements

§ 300.101 Free appropriate public education (FAPE).

(a) General. A free appropriate public education must be available to all children residing in the State between the ages of 3 and 21, inclusive, including children with disabilities who have been suspended or expelled from school, as provided for in §300.530(d).

(b) FAPE for children beginning at age 3. (1) Each State must ensure that—

(i) The obligation to make FAPE available to each eligible child residing in the State begins no later than the child’s third birthday; and

(ii) An IEP or an IFSP is in effect for the child by that date, in accordance with §300.323(b).

(2) If a child’s third birthday occurs during the summer, the child’s IEP Team shall determine the date when services under the IEP or IFSP will begin.

(c) Children advancing from grade to grade. (1) Each State must ensure that FAPE is available to any individual child with a disability who needs special education and related services, even though the child has not failed or been retained in a course or grade, and is advancing from grade to grade.

(2) The determination that a child described in paragraph (a) of this section is eligible under this part, must be made on an individual basis by the group responsible within the child’s LEA for making eligibility determinations.

(Approved by the Office of Management and Budget under control number 1820–0030)

(Authority: 20 U.S.C. 1412(a)(1)(A))

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§ 300.102 Limitation—exception to FAPE for certain ages.

(a) General. The obligation to make FAPE available to all children with disabilities does not apply with respect to the following:

(1) Children aged 3, 4, 5, 18, 19, 20, or 21 in a State to the extent that its application to those children would be inconsistent with State law or practice, or the order of any court, respecting the provision of public education to children of those ages.

(2)(i) Children aged 18 through 21 to the extent that State law does not require that special education and related services under Part B of the Act be provided to students with disabilities who, in the last educational placement prior to their incarceration in an adult correctional facility—

(A) Were not actually identified as being a child with a disability under §300.8; and

(B) Did not have an IEP under Part B of the Act.

(ii) The exception in paragraph (a)(2)(i) of this section does not apply to children with disabilities, aged 18 through 21, who—

(A) Had been identified as a child with a disability under §300.8 and had received services in accordance with an IEP, but who left school prior to their incarceration; or

(B) Did not have an IEP in their last educational setting, but who had actually been identified as a child with a disability under §300.8.

(3)(i) Children with disabilities who have graduated from high school with a regular high school diploma.

(ii) The exception in paragraph (a)(3)(i) of this section does not apply to children who have graduated from high school but have not been awarded a regular high school diploma.

(iii) Graduation from high school with a regular high school diploma constitutes a change in placement, requiring written prior notice in accordance with §300.503.

(iv) As used in paragraphs (a)(3)(i) through (a)(3)(iii) of this section, the term regular high school diploma does not include an alternative degree that is not fully aligned with the State’s academic standards, such as a certificate or a general educational development credential (GED).

(4) Children with disabilities who are eligible under subpart H of this part, but who receive early intervention services under Part C of the Act.

(b) Documents relating to exceptions. The State must assure that the information it has provided to the Secretary regarding the exceptions in paragraph (a) of this section, as required by §300.700 (for purposes of making grants to States under this part), is current and accurate.

(Approved by the Office of Management and Budget under control number 1820–0030)

(Authority: 20 U.S.C. 1412(a)(1)(B)–(C))

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Other FAPE Requirements

§ 300.103 FAPE—methods and payments.

(a) Each State may use whatever State, local, Federal, and private sources of support that are available in the State to meet the requirements of this part. For example, if it is necessary to place a child with a disability in a residential facility, a State could use joint agreements between the agencies involved for sharing the cost of that placement.

(b) Nothing in this part relieves an insurer or similar third party from an otherwise valid obligation to provide or to pay for services provided to a child with a disability.

(c) Consistent with §300.323(c), the State must ensure that there is no delay in implementing a child’s IEP, including any case in which the payment source for providing or paying for special education and related services to the child is being determined.

(Approved by the Office of Management and Budget under control number 1820–0030)

(Authority: 20 U.S.C. 1401(8), 1412(a)(1)).

[71 FR 46753, Aug. 14, 2006; 72 FR 61306, Oct. 30, 2007]

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§ 300.104 Residential placement.

If placement in a public or private residential program is necessary to provide special education and related services to a child with a disability, the program, including non-medical care and room and board, must be at no cost to the parents of the child.

(Approved by the Office of Management and Budget under control number 1820–0030)

(Authority: 20 U.S.C. 1412(a)(1), 1412(a)(10)(B))

§ 300.105 Assistive technology.

(a) Each public agency must ensure that assistive technology devices or assistive technology services, or both, as those terms are defined in §§300.5 and 300.6, respectively, are made available to a child with a disability if required as a part of the child’s—

(1) Special education under §300.36;

(2) Related services under §300.34; or

(3) Supplementary aids and services under §§300.38 and 300.114(a)(2)(ii).

(b) On a case-by-case basis, the use of school-purchased assistive technology devices in a child’s home or in other settings is required if the child’s IEP Team determines that the child needs access to those devices in order to receive FAPE.

(Approved by the Office of Management and Budget under control number 1820–0030)

(Authority: 20 U.S.C. 1412(a)(1), 1412(a)(12)(B)(i))

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§ 300.106 Servicios de año escolar extendido. *

(a) General. (1) Cada agencia pública deberá asegurar que los servicios de año escolar extendido estén disponibles siempre que sean necesarios para proveer FAPE, consistente con el párrafo (a)(2) de esta sección.

(2) Los servicios de año escolar extendido deberán proveerse sólo si el Equipo del IEP de un niño determina, de manera individual, de acuerdo con §§300.320 hasta 300.324, que los servicios son necesarios para la provisión de FAPE al niño.

(3) En la implementación de los requisitos de esta sección, la agencia pública no podrá—

(i) Limitar los servicios de año escolar extendido a categorías particulares de discapacidad; o

(ii) Limitar unilateralmente el tipo, cantidad o duración de esos servicios.

(b) Definición. Tal y como se usa en esta sección, el término servicios de año escolar extendido significa educación especial y servicios relacionados que—

(1) Se proveen a un niño con una discapacidad—

(i) Más allá del año escolar normal de la agencia pública;

(ii) De acuerdo con el IEP del niño; y

(iii) Sin costo alguno para los padres del niño; y

(2) Cumplen con los estándares de la SEA.

(Approved by the Office of Management and Budget under control number 1820–0030)

(Autoridad: 20 U.S.C. 1412(a)(1))

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§ 300.107 Servicios no académicos. *

El Estado deberá asegurar lo siguiente:

(a) Cada agencia pública deberá tomar pasos, incluyendo la provisión de auxilios y servicios suplementarios que se determinen apropiados y necesarios por el Equipo del IEP del niño, para proveer servicios y actividades no académicos y extraescolares de manera necesaria para permitir a los niños con discapacidades igualdad de oportunidades para participar en esos servicios y actividades.

(b) Los servicios no académicos y extraescolares pueden incluir los servicios de consejería, atletismo, transporte, servicios de salud, actividades de ocio, grupos con un interés especial o clubs patrocinados por la agencia pública, remisiones a agencias que proveen ayuda a individuos con discapacidades, y empleo de estudiantes, incluyendo tanto el empleo por parte de la agencia pública como la asistencia en hacer disponible el empleo exterior.

(Approved by the Office of Management and Budget under control number 1820–0030)

(Autoridad: 20 U.S.C. 1412(a)(1))


§ 300.108 Educación física. *

El Estado deberá asegurar que las agencias públicas dentro del Estado cumplan con lo siguiente:

(a) General. Los servicios de educación física, especialmente diseñados, si fuera necesario, deberán hacerse disponibles a cada niño con una discapacidad que esté recibiendo FAPE, a menos que la agencia pública matricule niños sin discapacidades y no provea educación física para los niños sin discapacidades en los mismos grados.

(b) Educación física regular. Cada niño con una discapacidad deberá permitirse la oportunidad de participar en el programa de educación física regular disponible a los niños no discapacitados a menos que—

(1) El niño esté matriculado a tiempo completo en una instalación separada, o

(2) El niño necesite educación física especialmente diseñada, tal y como prescribe el IEP del niño.

(c) Educación física especial. Si en el IEP del niño se prescribe educación física especialmente diseñada, la agencia pública responsable de la educación de ese niño deberá proveer los servicios directamente o hacer arreglos para que esos servicios sean provistos a través de otros programas públicos o privados.

(d) Educación física en instalaciones separadas. La agencia pública responsable de la educación de un niño con una discapacidad matriculado en una instalación separada deberá asegurar que el niño reciba los servicios apropiados de educación física en cumplimiento con esta sección.

(Approved by the Office of Management and Budget under control number 1820–0030)

(Autoridad: 20 U.S.C. 1412(a)(5)(A))

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§ 300.109 Full educational opportunity goal (FEOG).

The State must have in effect policies and procedures to demonstrate that the State has established a goal of providing full educational opportunity to all children with disabilities, aged birth through 21, and a detailed timetable for accomplishing that goal.

(Approved by the Office of Management and Budget under control number 1820–0030)

(Authority: 20 U.S.C. 1412(a)(2))


§ 300.110 Opciones de programa. *

El Estado deberá asegurar que cada agencia pública tome los pasos necesarios con el fin de asegurar que sus niños con discapacidades tengan a sus disposición la variedad de servicios y programas educativos disponibles a los niños sin discapacidades en el área servida por la agencia, incluyendo arte, música, artes industriales, educación para el consumidor y en organización de la casa y educación vocacional.

(Approved by the Office of Management and Budget under control number 1820–0030)

(Autoridad: 20 U.S.C. 1412(a)(2), 1413(a)(1))


§ 300.111 Identificación de Niños.*

[Nota de la editora: La única parte de esta provisión que ha sido traduccido al español es el párrafo (b).]

(a) General. (1) The State must have in effect policies and procedures to ensure that—

(i) All children with disabilities residing in the State, including children with disabilities who are homeless children or are wards of the State, and children with disabilities attending private schools, regardless of the severity of their disability, and who are in need of special education and related services, are identified, located, and evaluated; and

(ii) A practical method is developed and implemented to determine which children are currently receiving needed special education and related services.

(b) Uso del término retraso en el desarrollo. Las estipulaciones siguientes se aplican con respecto al implementar los requisitos de la Identificación de Niños (en inglés, Child Find) de esta sección:

(1) Un Estado que adopta una definición de retraso en el desarrollo bajo §300.8(b) determina si el término aplica a niños entre los tres y los nueve años de edad, o a un subgrupo de ese rango de edad (p. ej., entre los tres a cinco años de edad).

(2) Un Estado no puede requerir que una LEA adopte y utilice el término retraso en el desarrollo con cualquier niño dentro de su jurisdicción.

(3) Si una LEA utiliza el término retraso en el desarrollo para niños descritos en §300.8(b), la LEA debe estar conforme tanto con la definición del Estado para ese término como con el rango de edad que ha sido adoptado por el Estado.

(4) Si un Estado no adopta el término retraso en el desarrollo, una LEA no puede adoptar ese término independientemente como base para establecer la elegibilidad de un niño bajo esta parte.

(c) Other children in child find. Child find also must include—

(1) Children who are suspected of being a child with a disability under §300.8 and in need of special education, even though they are advancing from grade to grade; and

(2) Highly mobile children, including migrant children.

(d) Construction. Nothing in the Act requires that children be classified by their disability so long as each child who has a disability that is listed in §300.8 and who, by reason of that disability, needs special education and related services is regarded as a child with a disability under Part B of the Act.

(Approved by the Office of Management and Budget under control number 1820–0030)

(Authority: 20 U.S.C. 1401(3)); 1412(a)(3))

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§ 300.112 Individualized education programs (IEP).

The State must ensure that an IEP, or an IFSP that meets the requirements of section 636(d) of the Act, is developed, reviewed, and revised for each child with a disability in accordance with §§300.320 through 300.324, except as provided in §300.300(b)(3)(ii).

(Approved by the Office of Management and Budget under control number 1820–0030)

(Authority: 20 U.S.C. 1412(a)(4))

§ 300.113 Routine checking of hearing aids and external components of surgically implanted medical devices.

(a) Hearing aids. Each public agency must ensure that hearing aids worn in school by children with hearing impairments, including deafness, are functioning properly.

(b) External components of surgically implanted medical devices. (1) Subject to paragraph (b)(2) of this section, each public agency must ensure that the external components of surgically implanted medical devices are functioning properly.

(2) For a child with a surgically implanted medical device who is receiving special education and related services under this part, a public agency is not responsible for the post-surgical maintenance, programming, or replacement of the medical device that has been surgically implanted (or of an external component of the surgically implanted medical device).

(Approved by the Office of Management and Budget under control number 1820–0030)

(Authority: 20 U.S.C. 1401(1), 1401(26)(B))

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Ambiente Menos Restrictivo (LRE)*

§ 300.114 Requisitos del LRE. *

(a) General. (1) Excepto como se dispone en §300.324(d)(2) (con relación a los niños con discapacidades en prisiones de adultos), el Estado deberá tener en efecto políticas y procedimientos para asegurar que las agencias públicas en el Estado cumplan con los requisitos de LRE de esta sección y §§300.115 hasta 300.120.

(2) Cada agencia pública deberá asegurar que—

(i) Al máximo de la extensión apropiada, los niños con discapacidades, incluidos los niños en instituciones públicas o privadas u otras facilidades de cuidado, sean educados con niños sin discapacidades; y

(ii) Las clases especiales, la enseñanza separada u otra remoción de niños con discapacidades del ambiente educacional regular ocurra sólo cuando la naturaleza o severidad de la discapacidad es tal que la educación en salas de clase regulares no puede ser lograda satisfactoriamente con el uso de auxilios y servicios suplementarios.

(b) Requisito adicional—El mecanismo Estatal de financiamiento—(1) General. (i) Un mecanismo Estatal de financiamiento no deberá resultar en ubicaciones que violen los requisitos del párrafo (a) de esta sección; y

(ii) Un Estado no deberá usar un mecanismo de financiamiento mediante el cual el Estado distribuye los fondos a base del tipo de ambiente en que un niño recibe los servicios que resulte en el fracaso de proporcionar FAPE a un niño con una discapacidad según las necesidades únicas del niño, como descrito en el IEP del niño.

(2) Garantía. Si el Estado no tiene políticas y procedimientos para garantizar que se cumpla con el párrafo (b)(1) de esta sección, el Estado deberá proveerle al Secretario una garantía de que el Estado revisará el mecanismo de financiamiento tan pronto como sea factible para garantizar que el mecanismo no tenga como resultado ubicaciones que violen lo dispuesto en ese párrafo.

(Approved by the Office of Management and Budget under control number 1820–0030)

(Autoridad: 20 U.S.C. 1412(a)(5))

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§ 300.115 Continuo de ubicaciones alternativas. *

(a) Cada agencia pública deberá asegurar que haya disponible un continuo de ubicaciones alternativas para satisfacer las necesidades de los niños con discapacidades para educación especial y servicios relacionados.

(b) El continuo requerido en el párrafo (a) de esta sección deberá—

(1) Incluir las ubicaciones alternativas enumeradas en la definición de educación especial bajo §300.38 (instrucción conducida en la sala de clases, clases especiales, escuelas especiales, instrucción en el hogar e instrucción en hospitales e instituciones); y

(2) Hacer provisión para que los servicios suplementarios (como por ejemplo el salón de recursos o instrucción itinerante) sean provistos en conjunto con la ubicación en la clase regular.

(Approved by the Office of Management and Budget under control number 1820–0030)

(Autoridad: 20 U.S.C. 1412(a)(5))


§ 300.116 Ubicaciones. *

Al determinar la ubicación educativa de un niño con una discapacidad, incluyendo un niño preescolar con una discapacidad, cada agencia pública deberá asegurar que—

(a) La decisión de la ubicación—

(1) Se tome por un grupo de personas, incluyendo los padres, y otras personas que conocen bien al niño, el significado de los datos de la evaluación y las opciones de ubicación; y

(2) Se haga en conformidad con las disposiciones del ambiente menos restrictivo (LRE, por sus siglas en inglés) de esta subparte, incluyendo §§300.114 hasta 300.118;

(b) La ubicación del niño—

(1) Se determine al menos anualmente;

(2) Se base en el IEP del niño; y

(3) Esté tan cerca al hogar del niño como sea posible;

(c) A menos que el IEP de un niño con una discapacidad requiera algún otro arreglo, el niño deberá ser educado en la escuela a la que debería asistir si no tuviera ninguna discapacidad.

(d) Al elegir el LRE, se tendrá en consideración cualquier efecto potencialmente negativo sobre el niño o sobre la calidad de los servicios que necesita; y

(e) No se retirará a un niño con una discapacidad de clases regulares de educación apropiadas para su edad solamente a causa de modificaciones necesarias en el currículo educativo general.

(Approved by the Office of Management and Budget under control number 1820–0030)

(Autoridad: 20 U.S.C. 1412(a)(5))

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§ 300.117 Ambientes no académicos. *

En la provisión o en el encargo de la provisión de actividades y servicios extraescolares y no académicos, incluidas las comidas, los periodos de recreo y los servicios y actividades establecidos en §300.107, cada agencia pública deberá asegurar que cada niño con una discapacidad participe con niños sin discapacidades en los servicios y actividades extraescolares al máximo de la extensión apropiada de acuerdo con las necesidades de ese niño. La agencia pública deberá asegurar que cada niño con una discapacidad tenga los auxilios y servicios suplementarios determinados por el Equipo del IEP del niño que sean apropiados y necesarios para que el niño participe en los ambientes no académicos.

(Approved by the Office of Management and Budget under control number 1820–0030)
(Autoridad: 20 U.S.C. 1412(a)(5))


§ 300.118 Niños en instituciones públicas o privadas. *

Excepto como se provee en §300.149(d) (con relación a la responsabilidad de la agencia para la supervisión general de algunos individuos en prisiones de adultos), una SEA deberá asegurar que §300.114 se implemente eficazmente, incluyendo, si fuera necesario, hacer arreglos con instituciones públicas o privadas (como por ejemplo un memorándum de acuerdo o procedimientos de implementación especial).

(Approved by the Office of Management and Budget under control number 1820–0030)
(Autoridad: 20 U.S.C. 1412(a)(5))
[71 FR 46753, Aug. 14, 2006; 72 FR 61306, Oct. 30, 2007]

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§ 300.119 Asistencia técnica y actividades de entrenamiento. *

Cada SEA deberá llevar a cabo actividades para asegurar que los maestros y los administradores en todas las agencias públicas—

(a) Estén completamente informados sobre sus responsabilidades para implementar §300.114; y

(b) Estén provistos con la asistencia técnica y el entrenamiento necesarios para ayudarles en este esfuerzo.

(Aprobado por la Oficina de Gestión y Presupuesto bajo el número de control 1820–0030)
(Autoridad: 20 U.S.C. 1412(a)(5))


§ 300.120 Actividades de monitoreo.*

(a) La SEA deberá llevar a cabo actividades para asegurar que §300.114 se implementen por cada agencia pública.

(b) Si hay evidencia de que una agencia pública realiza ubicaciones que son inconsistentes con §300.114, la SEA deberá—

(1) Repasar la justificación de la agencia pública por sus acciones; y

(2) Ayudar en la planificación e implementación de cualquier acción correctiva necesaria.

(Aprobado por la Oficina de Gestión y Presupuesto bajo el número de control 1820–0030)
(Autoridad: 20 Código de los EE.UU. 1412(a)(5))

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Additional Eligibility Requirements

§ 300.121 Procedural safeguards.

(a) General. The State must have procedural safeguards in effect to ensure that each public agency in the State meets the requirements of §§300.500 through 300.536.

(b) Procedural safeguards identified. Children with disabilities and their parents must be afforded the procedural safeguards identified in paragraph (a) of this section.

(Approved by the Office of Management and Budget under control number 1820–0030)
(Authority: 20 U.S.C. 1412(a)(6)(A))

§ 300.122 Evaluation.

Children with disabilities must be evaluated in accordance with §§300.300 through 300.311 of subpart D of this part.

(Approved by the Office of Management and Budget under control number 1820–0030)
(Authority: 20 U.S.C. 1412(a)(7))

§ 300.123 Confidentiality of personally identifiable information.

The State must have policies and procedures in effect to ensure that public agencies in the State comply with §§300.610 through 300.626 related to protecting the confidentiality of any personally identifiable information collected, used, or maintained under Part B of the Act.

(Approved by the Office of Management and Budget under control number 1820–0030)
(Authority: 20 U.S.C. 1412(a)(8); 1417(c))

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§ 300.124 Transition of children from the Part C program to preschool programs.

The State must have in effect policies and procedures to ensure that—

(a) Children participating in early intervention programs assisted under Part C of the Act, and who will participate in preschool programs assisted under Part B of the Act, experience a smooth and effective transition to those preschool programs in a manner consistent with section 637(a)(9) of the Act;

(b) By the third birthday of a child described in paragraph (a) of this section, an IEP or, if consistent with §300.323(b) and section 636(d) of the Act, an IFSP, has been developed and is being implemented for the child consistent with §300.101(b); and

(c) Each affected LEA will participate in transition planning conferences arranged by the designated lead agency under section 635(a)(10) of the Act.

(Approved by the Office of Management and Budget under control number 1820–0030)
(Authority: 20 U.S.C. 1412(a)(9))

 

§§ 300.125-300.128 [Reserved]


Children in Private Schools

§ 300.129 State responsibility regarding children in private schools.

The State must have in effect policies and procedures that ensure that LEAs, and, if applicable, the SEA, meet the private school requirements in §§300.130 through 300.148.

(Approved by the Office of Management and Budget under control number 1820–0030)
(Authority: 20 U.S.C. 1412(a)(10))

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Niños con Discapacidades Matriculados por sus Padres en Escuelas Privadas *

§ 300.130 Definición de niños con discapacidades ubicados por sus padres en escuelas privadas. *

Niños con discapacidades ubicados por sus padres en escuelas privadas significa niños con discapacidades que han sido matriculados por sus padres en escuelas o instalaciones privadas, incluyendo escuelas religiosas, que cumplen con la definición de escuela primaria en §300.13 o escuela secundaria en §300.36, aparte de los niños con discapacidades cubiertos bajo §§300.145 hasta 300.147.

(Approved by the Office of Management and Budget under control number 1820–0030)
(Autoridad: 20 U.S.C. 1412(a)(10)(A))

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§ 300.131 “Identificación de Niños” para niños con discapacidades ubicados por sus padres en escuelas privadas. *

(a) General. Cada LEA deberá localizar, identificar y evaluar todos los niños con discapacidades que son matriculados por sus padres en escuelas privadas, incluyendo escuelas religiosas, primarias y secundarias localizadas en el distrito escolar servido por la LEA, de acuerdo a los párrafos (b) hasta (e) de esta sección, y §§300.111 y 300.201.

(b) Diseño de “Identificación de Niños.” El proceso de “Identificación de Niños” (“Child Find,” en inglés) deberá ser diseñado para asegurar—

(1) La participación equitativa de los niños ubicados por sus padres en escuela privadas; y

(2) Un cálculo exacto de esos niños.

(c) Actividades. Al llevar a cabo los requisitos de esta sección, la LEA, o si es aplicable, la SEA, deberá emprender actividades similares a las emprendidas para los niños que asisten a escuelas públicas de la agencia.

(d) Costo. El costo de llevar a cabo los requisitos de “Identificación de Niños” en esta sección, incluyendo evaluaciones individuales, no puede ser considerado para determinar si una LEA ha cumplido su obligación bajo §300.133.

(e) Periodo de finalización. El proceso de “Identificación de Niños” deberá finalizar en un periodo de tiempo comparable a aquel para los estudiantes que asistan a escuelas públicas en la LEA consistente con §300.301.

(f) Niños de otro Estado. Al llevar a cabo los requisitos de “Identificación de Niños” en esta sección, cada LEA en donde se encuentren escuelas privadas primarias o secundarias, incluyendo escuelas religiosas, deberá incluir los niños ubicados por sus padres en escuelas privadas que residan en otro Estado aparte del Estado en el cual se encuentran las escuelas privadas a las cuales asisten.

(Approved by the Office of Management and Budget under control number 1820–0030)
(Autoridad: 20 U.S.C. 1412(a)(10)(A)(ii))

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§ 300.132 Provisión de servicios para niños con discapacidades ubicados por sus padres en escuelas privadas—requisito básico. *

(a) General. En la medida consistente con la cantidad y ubicación de niños con discapacidades que son matriculados por sus padres en escuelas privadas primarias y secundarias, incluyendo escuelas religiosas, en el distrito escolar servido por la LEA, se hará posible la participación de esos niños en el programa asistido o realizado bajo la parte B del Acta, por medio de proporcionarles servicios de educación especial y servicios relacionados, incluyendo servicios directos determinados de acuerdo con §300.137, a menos que el Secretario haya hecho arreglos para la provisión de servicios a esos niños bajo las provisiones de circunvalación en §§300.190 hasta 300.198.

(b) Plan de servicios para niños con discapacidades ubicados por sus padres en escuelas privadas. De acuerdo con el párrafo (a) de esta sección y §§300.137 hasta 300.139, deberá desarrollarse e implementarse un plan de servicios para cada niño con una discapacidad en una escuela privada que haya sido designado por la LEA en la cual esté localizada la escuela privada para recibir educación especial y servicios relacionados bajo esta parte.

(c) Mantenimiento de los registros. Cada LEA deberá mantener en sus registros, y proveer a la SEA, la siguiente información relacionada con los niños ubicados por sus padres en escuelas privadas y cubiertos bajo §§300.130 hasta 300.144:

(1) El número de niños evaluados;

(2) El número de niños determinados como niños con discapacidades; y

(3) El número de niños servidos.

(Approved by the Office of Management and Budget under control numbers 1820–0030 and 1820–0600)
(Autoridad: 20 U.S.C. 1412(a)(10)(A)(i))

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§ 300.133 Gastos. *

(a) Fórmula. Para cumplir con el requisito de §300.132(a), cada LEA deberá gastar lo siguiente en proporcionar servicios de educación especial y servicios relacionados (incluyendo servicios directos) para niños con discapacidades ubicados por sus padres en escuelas privadas.

(1) Para los niños entre los 3 y los 21 años de edad, una cantidad que es la misma proporción del total de la subvención de la LEA bajo la sección 611(f) del Acta que el número de niños con discapacidades entre los 3 y los 21 años de edad que están matriculados por sus padres en escuelas privadas primarias o secundarias, incluyendo las religiosas, localizadas en el distrito escolar y servido por la LEA, es al número total de niños con discapacidades entre los 3 y los 21 años de edad en su jurisdicción.

(2)(i) Para los niños entre los 3 y los 5 años de edad, una cantidad que es la misma proporción del total de la subvención de la LEA bajo la sección 619(g) del Acta que el número de niños con discapacidades entre los 3 y los 5 años de edad que estén matriculados por sus padres en escuelas privadas primarias o secundarias, incluyendo las religiosas, localizadas en el distrito escolar y servido por la LEA, es al número total de niños con discapacidades de edades entre los 3 y los 5 años en su jurisdicción.

(ii) Como se describe en el párrafo (a)(2)(i) de esta sección, los niños entre los 3 y los 5 años de edad son considerados niños con discapacidades ubicados por sus padres en escuelas primarias privadas, incluyendo las religiosas, si están matriculados en una escuela privada que cumple la definición de escuela primaria en §300.13.

(3) Si una LEA no ha gastado en servicios equitativos todos los fondos descritos en los párrafos (a)(1) y (a)(2) de esta sección antes del fin del año fiscal para el cual el Congreso destinó los fondos, la LEA deberá obligar los fondos restantes para educación especial y servicios relacionados (incluyendo servicios directos) a los niños con discapacidades ubicados por sus padres en escuelas privadas durante un periodo de transferencia de un año adicional.

(b) Calculando la parte proporcional. Al calcular la parte proporcional de fondos Federales a ser suministrada para niños con discapacidades ubicados por sus padres en escuelas privadas, la LEA, después de una consulta significativa y a tiempo con representantes de las escuelas privadas bajo §300.134, deberá conducir un proceso completo de Identificación de Niños para determinar el número de niños con discapacidades que asisten a escuelas privadas localizadas en la LEA. (Un ejemplo de cómo se calcula una parte proporcional se encuentra en el Apéndice B.)

(c) Conteo anual del número de niños con discapacidades ubicados por sus padres en escuelas privadas. (1) Cada LEA deberá—

(i) Después de una consulta significativa y a tiempo con los representantes de niños con discapacidades ubicados por sus padres en escuelas privadas (consistente con §300.134), determinar el número de niños con discapacidades ubicados por sus padres en escuelas privadas que asisten a escuelas privadas localizadas en la LEA; y

(ii) Asegurar que el conteo se realice cualquier día entre el 1 de octubre y el 1 de diciembre, incluido, de cada año.

(2) El conteo deberá ser usado para determinar la cantidad que la LEA debe gastar para proveer educación especial y servicios relacionados a niños con discapacidades ubicados por sus padres en escuelas privadas en el subsiguiente año fiscal.

(d) Suplementar, no suplantar. Los fondos Estatales y locales pueden suplementar, pero en ningún caso suplantar, la cantidad proporcional de fondos Federales requeridos bajo esta parte para gastar en niños con discapacidades ubicados por sus padres en escuelas privadas.

(Approved by the Office of Management and Budget under control number 1820–0030)
(Authority: 20 U.S.C. 1412(a)(10)(A))


§ 300.134 Consulta. *

Para asegurar una consulta a tiempo y significativa, una LEA, o en caso apropiado, una SEA, deberá consultar con los representantes de las escuelas privadas y de los padres de niños con discapacidades ubicados por sus padres en escuelas privadas durante el diseño y desarrollo de los servicios de educación especial y servicios relacionados para los niños con relación a lo siguiente:

(a) “Identificación de Niños.” El proceso de “Identificación de Niños” (Child Find) incluyendo—

(1) Cómo los niños ubicados por sus padres en escuelas privadas que se sospecha que tienen una discapacidad pueden participar equitativamente; y

(2) Cómo se informará del proceso a los padres, maestros y oficiales de escuelas privadas.

(b) Parte proporcional de fondos. La determinación de la parte proporcional de fondos Federales disponible para servir a niños con discapacidades ubicados por sus padres en escuelas privadas bajo §300.133(b), incluyendo la determinación de cómo se calculó la parte proporcional de esos fondos.

(c) Proceso de consulta. El proceso de consulta entre la LEA, los oficiales de las escuelas privadas y los representantes de padres de los niños con discapacidades ubicados por sus padres en escuelas privadas, incluyendo cómo operará el proceso a través del año escolar para asegurar que los niños con discapacidades ubicados por sus padres en escuelas privadas e identificados a través del proceso de “Identificación de Niños” puedan participar de una manera significativa en la educación especial y los servicios relacionados.

(d) Provisión de educación especial y servicios relacionados. Cómo, dónde y por quién serán provistos la educación especial y los servicios relacionados para niños con discapacidades ubicados por sus padres en escuelas privadas, incluyendo una discusión de—

(1) Los tipos de servicios, incluyendo los servicios directos y los mecanismos alternativos de entrega de los servicios; y

(2) Cómo la educación especial y los servicios relacionados serán distribuidos si los fondos son insuficientes para servir a todos los niños ubicados por sus padres en escuelas públicas; y

(3) Cómo y dónde se tomarán esas decisiones;

(e) Explicación por escrito de la LEA con relación a los servicios. Cómo, si la LEA no está de acuerdo con los puntos de vista de los oficiales de escuelas privadas sobre la provisión de servicios o los tipos de servicios (bien provistos directamente o a través de un contrato), la LEA proveerá a los oficiales de escuelas privadas una explicación por escrito de las razones por las que la LEA elige no proveer servicios directamente o a través de un contrato.

(Approved by the Office of Management and Budget under control numbers 1820–0030 and 1820–0600)
(Autoridad: 20 U.S.C. 1412(a)(10)(A)(iii))

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§ 300.135 Afirmación escrita. *

(a) Cuando se haya realizado una consulta a tiempo y significativa, como se requiere en §300.134, la LEA deberá obtener una afirmación escrita firmada por los representantes de las escuelas privadas participantes.

(b) Si los representantes no aportan la afirmación en un periodo razonable de tiempo, la LEA deberá enviar la documentación del proceso de consulta a la SEA.

(Approved by the Office of Management and Budget under control numbers 1820–0030 and 1820–0600)
(Autoridad: 20 U.S.C. 1412(a)(10)(A)(iv))


§ 300.136 Conformidad. *

(a) General. Un oficial de una escuela privada tiene el derecho de presentar una queja a la SEA de que la LEA—

(1) No entabló una consulta que fue significativa y a tiempo; o

(2) No dio la consideración debida a los puntos de vista del oficial de la escuela privada.

(b) Procedimiento. (1) Si el oficial de la escuela privada desea presentar una queja, el oficial deberá suministrar a la SEA las bases de la no conformidad de la LEA con las provisiones de escuelas privadas aplicables en esta parte; y

(2) La LEA deberá enviar la documentación apropiada a la SEA.

(3)(i) Si el oficial de la escuela privada no está satisfecho con la decisión de la SEA, el oficial puede presentar una queja al Secretario mediante la provisión de la información de no conformidad descrita en el párrafo (b)(1) de esta sección; y

(ii) La SEA deberá enviar la documentación apropiada al Secretario.

(Approved by the Office of Management and Budget under control numbers 1820–0030 and 1820–0600)
(Autoridad: 20 U.S.C. 1412(a)(10)(A)(v))

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§ 300.137 Servicios equitativos determinados. *

(a) Ningún derecho individual a educación especial y servicios relacionados. Ningún niño con una discapacidad ubicado por sus padres en una escuela privada tiene un derecho individual a recibir algunos o todos los servicios relacionados y de educación especial que el niño recibiría si estuviera matriculado en una escuela pública.

(b) Decisiones. (1) Las decisiones sobre los servicios que serán proporcionados a niños con discapacidades ubicados por sus padres en escuelas privadas bajo §§300.130 hasta 300.144 deberán tomarse de acuerdo al párrafo (c) de esta sección y §300.134(c).

(2) La LEA deberá tomar las decisiones finales con respecto a los servicios que se proveerán a los niños elegibles con discapacidades ubicados por sus padres en escuelas privadas.

(c) Plan de servicios para cada niño servido bajo §§300.130 hasta 300.144. Si un niño con una discapacidad es matriculado por sus padres en una escuela religiosa u otra escuela privada y éste recibirá servicios de educación especial o servicios relacionados de la LEA, la LEA deberá—

(1) Iniciar y llevar a cabo reuniones para desarrollar, repasar y revisar un plan de servicios para el niño de acuerdo con §300.138(b); y

(2) Asegurar que un representante de la escuela religiosa u otra escuela privada asista a cada reunión. Si el representante no puede asistir, la LEA deberá usar otros métodos para asegurar la participación de la escuela religiosa u otra escuela privada, incluyendo el contacto telefónico individual o en grupo.

(Approved by the Office of Management and Budget under control number 1820–0030)
(Autoridad: 20 U.S.C. 1412(a)(10)(A))
[71 FR 46753, Aug. 14, 2006; 72 FR 61306, Oct. 30, 2007]

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§ 300.138 Entrega de servicios equitativos. *

(a) General. (1) Los servicios provistos a niños con discapacidades ubicados por sus padres en escuelas privadas deberán ser provistos por personal que cumpla los mismos estándares que el personal que provee servicios en las escuelas públicas, a excepción de los maestros de escuelas privadas primarias y secundarias que proveen servicios equitativos a niños con discapacidades ubicados por sus padres en escuelas privadas no tienen que cumplir con los requisitos de maestro de educación especial altamente calificado de §300.18.

(2) Los niños con discapacidades ubicados por sus padres en escuelas privadas pueden recibir una cantidad diferente de servicios que los niños con discapacidades en escuelas públicas.

(b) Servicios provistos de acuerdo a un plan de servicios. (1) Cada niño con una discapacidad ubicado por sus padres en una escuela privada que ha sido designado para recibir servicios bajo §300.132 deberá tener un plan de servicios que describe los servicios específicos de educación especial y servicios relacionados que la LEA proveerá al niño a la luz de los servicios que la LEA haya determinado, a través del proceso descrito en §§300.134 y 300.137, que hará disponible a los niños con discapacidades ubicados por sus padres en escuelas privadas.

(2) El plan de servicios deberá, hasta el grado apropiado—

(i) Cumplir los requisitos de §300.320, o para un niño entre 3 y 5 años de edad, cumplir los requisitos de §300.323(b) con respecto a los servicios provistos; y

(ii) Ser desarrollado, repasado y revisado consistente con §§300.321 hasta 300.324.

(c) Entrega de servicios equitativos. (1) Los servicios bajo esta sección y §§300.139 hasta 300.143 deberán ser proporcionados:

(i) Por empleados de agencias públicas; o

(ii) A través de contratos por la agencia pública con un individuo, asociación, agencia, organización u otra entidad.

(2) La educación especial y servicios relacionados provistos a niños con discapacidades ubicados por sus padres en escuelas privadas, incluyendo materiales y equipo, deberán ser secular, neutral y no ideológico.

(Approved by the Office of Management and Budget under control number 1820–0030)
(Autoridad: 20 U.S.C. 1412(a)(10)(A)(vi))

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§ 300.139 Localización de los servicios y transporte. *

(a) Servicios en las instalaciones de las escuelas privadas. Los servicios para los niños con discapacidades ubicados por sus padres en escuelas privadas pueden proveerse en las instalaciones de las escuelas privadas, incluidas las religiosas, hasta el grado en que sea consistente con la ley.

(b) Transporte—(1) General. (i) Si es necesario para que un niño con una discapacidad ubicado por sus padres en una escuela privada se beneficie o participe de los servicios provistos bajo esta parte, se le deberá proveer transporte al niño—

(A) Desde su escuela o su casa hasta un centro diferente de la escuela privada;

(B) Desde el centro donde recibe los servicios hasta la escuela privada, o hasta la casa del niño, dependiendo de la hora de los servicios.

(ii) No se requiere que las LEA provean transporte desde la casa del niño a la escuela privada.

(2) Costo del transporte. El costo del transporte descrito en el párrafo (b)(1)(i) de esta sección puede incluirse en el cálculo de si la LEA ha cumplido el requisito de §300.133.

(Approved by the Office of Management and Budget under control number 1820–0030)
(Autoridad: 20 U.S.C. 1412(a)(10)(A))

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§ 300.140 Quejas de proceso debido y quejas Estatales. *

(a) Proceso debido no aplicable, excepto para la “Identificación de Niños.” (1) Excepto como se provee en el párrafo (b) de esta sección, los procedimientos en §§300.504 hasta 300.519 no se aplican a las quejas de que una LEA ha fallado en cumplir los requisitos de §§300.132 hasta 300.139, incluyendo la provisión de servicios indicados en el plan de servicios del niño.

(b) Quejas acerca de la “Identificación de Niños”—para ser entregadas con la LEA en la cual está localizada la escuela privada. (1) Los procedimientos §§300.504 hasta 300.519 se aplican a las quejas de que una LEA ha fallado en cumplir los requisitos de “Identificación de Niños” en §300.131, incluyendo los requisitos en §§300.300 hasta 300.311.

(2) Cualquier queja de proceso debido con relación a los requisitos de “Identificación de Niños” (como se describe en el párrafo (b)(1) de esta sección) deberá entregarse a la LEA en la cual la escuela privada esté localizada y deberá enviarse una copia a la SEA.

(c) Quejas Estatales. (1) Cualquier queja de que una SEA o una LEA haya fallado en cumplir los requisitos en §§300.132 hasta 300.135 y 300.137 hasta 300.144 deberá entregarse de acuerdo con los procedimientos descritos en §§300.151 hasta 300.153.

(2) Una queja entregada por el oficial de una escuela privada bajo §300.136(a) deberá ser entregada a la SEA de acuerdo con los procedimientos en §300.136(b).

(Approved by the Office of Management and Budget under control number 1820–0030)
(Autoridad: 20 U.S.C. 1412(a)(10)(A))

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§ 300.141 Requisito de que los fondos no beneficien a una escuela privada. *

(a) Una LEA no podrá usar los fondos provistos bajo la sección 611 o 619 del Acta para financiar el nivel existente de instrucción en una escuela privada o para beneficiar de otra manera a la escuela privada.

(b) La LEA deberá usar los fondos provistos bajo la Parte B del Acta para satisfacer las necesidades de educación especial y servicios relacionados de los niños con discapacidades ubicados por sus padres en escuelas privadas, pero no para satisfacer—

(1) Las necesidades de una escuela privada; o

(2) Las necesidades generales de estudiantes matriculados en la escuela privada.

(Approved by the Office of Management and Budget under control number 1820–0030)
Autoridad: 20 U.S.C. 1412(a)(10)(A))

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§ 300.142 Uso de personal. *

(a) Uso del personal de escuelas públicas. Una LEA puede usar fondos disponibles bajo las secciones 611 y 619 del Acta para hacer disponible personal de escuelas públicas en otras instalaciones que no sean públicas—

(1) Hasta el grado en que sea necesario para proveer servicios bajo §§300.130 hasta 300.144 a niños con discapacidades ubicados por sus padres en escuelas privadas; y

(2) Si esos servicios no son normalmente provistos por la escuela privada.

(b) Uso del personal de escuelas privadas. Una LEA puede usar fondos disponibles bajo las secciones 611 y 619 del Acta para pagar por los servicios de un empleado de una escuela privada para proveer servicios bajo §§300.130 hasta 300.144 si—

(1) El empleado realiza sus servicios fuera de sus horas regulares de obligación; y

(2) El empleado realiza sus servicios bajo supervisión y control público.

(Approved by the Office of Management and Budget under control number 1820–0030)
(Autoridad: 20 U.S.C. 1412(a)(10)(A))

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§ 300.143 Clases separadas prohibidas. *

Una LEA no podrá usar fondos disponibles bajo las secciones 611 o 619 del Acta para clases que son organizadas separadamente por las bases de la religión de los niños o su matriculación de escuela si—

(a) Las clases son en el mismo centro; y

(b) Las clases incluyen niños matriculados en escuelas públicas y niños matriculados en escuelas privadas.

(Approved by the Office of Management and Budget under control number 1820–0030)
(Autoridad: 20 U.S.C. 1412(a)(10)(A))


§ 300.144 Propiedad, equipo y materiales. *

(a) Una agencia pública deberá controlar y administrar los fondos usados para proveer educación especial y servicios relacionados bajo §§300.137 hasta 300.139, administrar y mantener la titularidad de materiales, equipo y propiedad comprados con esos fondos para los usos y propósitos provistos en el Acta.

(b) La agencia pública puede poner equipo y materiales en una escuela privada por el periodo de tiempo necesario para el programa de la Parte B.

(c) La agencia pública deberá asegurar que el equipo y los materiales que ponga en una escuela privada—

(1) Sean usados únicamente para los propósitos de la Parte B; y

(2) Puedan ser retirados de la escuela privada sin remodelar las instalaciones de la escuela privada.

(d) La agencia pública deberá retirar el equipo y los materiales de una escuela privada si—

(1) El equipo y los materiales ya no son necesarios para los propósitos de la Parte B; o

(2) La retirada es necesaria para evitar un uso no autorizado del equipo y los materiales para otros propósitos que los de la Parte B.

(e) Ningún fondo bajo la Parte B del Acta puede usarse para reparaciones, remodelaciones menores o construcción de las instalaciones de las escuelas privadas.

(Approved by the Office of Management and Budget under control number 1820–0030)
(Autoridad: 20 U.S.C. 1412(a)(10)(A)(vii))

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Children With Disabilities in Private Schools Placed or Referred by Public Agencies

§ 300.145 Applicability of §§300.146 through 300.147.

Sections 300.146 through 300.147 apply only to children with disabilities who are or have been placed in or referred to a private school or facility by a public agency as a means of providing special education and related services.

(Approved by the Office of Management and Budget under control number 1820–0030)
(Authority: 20 U.S.C. 1412(a)(10)(B))

§ 300.146 Responsibility of SEA.

Each SEA must ensure that a child with a disability who is placed in or referred to a private school or facility by a public agency—

(a) Is provided special education and related services—

(1) In conformance with an IEP that meets the requirements of §§300.320 through 300.325; and

(2) At no cost to the parents;

(b) Is provided an education that meets the standards that apply to education provided by the SEA and LEAs including the requirements of this part, except for §300.18 and §300.156(c); and

(c) Has all of the rights of a child with a disability who is served by a public agency.

(Approved by the Office of Management and Budget under control number 1820–0030)
(Authority: 20 U.S.C. 1412(a)(10)(B))

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§ 300.147 Implementation by SEA.

In implementing §300.146, the SEA must—

(a) Monitor compliance through procedures such as written reports, on-site visits, and parent questionnaires;

(b) Disseminate copies of applicable standards to each private school and facility to which a public agency has referred or placed a child with a disability; and

(c) Provide an opportunity for those private schools and facilities to participate in the development and revision of State standards that apply to them.

(Approved by the Office of Management and Budget under control number 1820–0030)

(Authority: 20 U.S.C. 1412(a)(10)(B))

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Children With Disabilities Enrolled by Their Parents in Private Schools When FAPE Is at Issue

§ 300.148 Placement of children by parents when FAPE is at issue.

(a) General. This part does not require an LEA to pay for the cost of education, including special education and related services, of a child with a disability at a private school or facility if that agency made FAPE available to the child and the parents elected to place the child in a private school or facility. However, the public agency must include that child in the population whose needs are addressed consistent with §§300.131 through 300.144.

(b) Disagreements about FAPE. Disagreements between the parents and a public agency regarding the availability of a program appropriate for the child, and the question of financial reimbursement, are subject to the due process procedures in §§300.504 through 300.520.

(c) Reimbursement for private school placement. If the parents of a child with a disability, who previously received special education and related services under the authority of a public agency, enroll the child in a private preschool, elementary school, or secondary school without the consent of or referral by the public agency, a court or a hearing officer may require the agency to reimburse the parents for the cost of that enrollment if the court or hearing officer finds that the agency had not made FAPE available to the child in a timely manner prior to that enrollment and that the private placement is appropriate. A parental placement may be found to be appropriate by a hearing officer or a court even if it does not meet the State standards that apply to education provided by the SEA and LEAs.

(d) Limitation on reimbursement. The cost of reimbursement described in paragraph (c) of this section may be reduced or denied—

(1) If—

(i) At the most recent IEP Team meeting that the parents attended prior to removal of the child from the public school, the parents did not inform the IEP Team that they were rejecting the placement proposed by the public agency to provide FAPE to their child, including stating their concerns and their intent to enroll their child in a private school at public expense; or

(ii) At least ten (10) business days (including any holidays that occur on a business day) prior to the removal of the child from the public school, the parents did not give written notice to the public agency of the information described in paragraph (d)(1)(i) of this section;

(2) If, prior to the parents’ removal of the child from the public school, the public agency informed the parents, through the notice requirements described in §300.503(a)(1), of its intent to evaluate the child (including a statement of the purpose of the evaluation that was appropriate and reasonable), but the parents did not make the child available for the evaluation; or

(3) Upon a judicial finding of unreasonableness with respect to actions taken by the parents.

(e) Exception. Notwithstanding the notice requirement in paragraph (d)(1) of this section, the cost of reimbursement—

(1) Must not be reduced or denied for failure to provide the notice if—

(i) The school prevented the parents from providing the notice;

(ii) The parents had not received notice, pursuant to §300.504, of the notice requirement in paragraph (d)(1) of this section; or

(iii) Compliance with paragraph (d)(1) of this section would likely result in physical harm to the child; and

(2) May, in the discretion of the court or a hearing officer, not be reduced or denied for failure to provide this notice if—

(i) The parents are not literate or cannot write in English; or

(ii) Compliance with paragraph (d)(1) of this section would likely result in serious emotional harm to the child.

(Approved by the Office of Management and Budget under control number 1820–0030)

(Authority: 20 U.S.C. 1412(a)(10)(C))

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SEA Responsibility for General Supervision and Implementation of Procedural Safeguards

§ 300.149 SEA responsibility for general supervision.

(a) The SEA is responsible for ensuring—

(1) That the requirements of this part are carried out; and

(2) That each educational program for children with disabilities administered within the State, including each program administered by any other State or local agency (but not including elementary schools and secondary schools for Indian children operated or funded by the Secretary of the Interior)—

(i) Is under the general supervision of the persons responsible for educational programs for children with disabilities in the SEA; and

(ii) Meets the educational standards of the SEA (including the requirements of this part).

(3) In carrying out this part with respect to homeless children, the requirements of subtitle B of title VII of the McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 11431 et seq. ) are met.

(b) The State must have in effect policies and procedures to ensure that it complies with the monitoring and enforcement requirements in §§300.600 through 300.602 and §§300.606 through 300.608.

(c) Part B of the Act does not limit the responsibility of agencies other than educational agencies for providing or paying some or all of the costs of FAPE to children with disabilities in the State.

(d) Notwithstanding paragraph (a) of this section, the Governor (or another individual pursuant to State law) may assign to any public agency in the State the responsibility of ensuring that the requirements of Part B of the Act are met with respect to students with disabilities who are convicted as adults under State law and incarcerated in adult prisons.

(Approved by the Office of Management and Budget under control number 1820–0030)

(Authority: 20 U.S.C. 1412(a)(11); 1416)

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§ 300.150 SEA implementation of procedural safeguards.

The SEA (and any agency assigned responsibility pursuant to §300.149(d)) must have in effect procedures to inform each public agency of its responsibility for ensuring effective implementation of procedural safeguards for the children with disabilities served by that public agency.

(Approved by the Office of Management and Budget under control number 1820–0030)

(Authority: 20 U.S.C. 1412(a)(11); 1415(a))


Procedimientos de Queja Estatal *

§ 300.151 Adopción de procedimientos de queja Estatal. *

(a) General. Cada SEA deberá adoptar procedimientos escritos para—

(1) Resolver cualquier queja, incluyendo una queja presentada por una organización o un individuo de otro Estado que cumpla los requisitos de §300.153 mediante—

(i) Disposiciones para la presentación de una queja ante la SEA; y

(ii) A discreción de la SEA, disposiciones para la presentación de una queja ante una agencia pública y el derecho a que la SEA repase la decisión de la agencia pública sobre la queja; y

(2) Diseminar ampliamente a los padres y a otros individuos interesados, incluyendo los centros de entrenamiento y información para padres, agencias de protección y apoyo, centros para vivir independientemente y otras entidades apropiadas, los procedimientos Estatales bajo §§300.151 hasta 300.153.

(b) Remedios para la denegación de servicios apropiados. Al resolver una queja en la que la SEA ha encontrado que se ha fallado en la provisión de servicios apropiados, una SEA, según su autoridad de supervisión general bajo la Parte B del Acta, deberá tratar—

(1) El fallo en la provisión de los servicios apropiados, incluyendo la acción correctiva apropiada para tratar las necesidades del niño (por ejemplo, los servicios compensatorios o el rembolso monetario); y

(2) Futura provisión apropiada de servicios para todos los niños con discapacidades.

(Approved by the Office of Management and Budget under control numbers 1820–0030 and 1820–0600)
(Autoridad: 20 U.S.C. 1221e–3)

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§ 300.152 Procedimientos mínimos de queja Estatal. *

(a) Límite de tiempo; procedimientos mínimos. Cada SEA deberá incluir en sus procedimientos de queja un tiempo límite de 60 días después de la presentación de una queja bajo §300.153 para—

(1) Llevar a cabo una investigación independiente in situ, si la SEA determina que es necesaria una investigación;

(2) Dar a la persona que presenta la queja la oportunidad para entregar información adicional, bien sea oralmente o por escrito, sobre las alegaciones en la queja;

(3) Proveer a la agencia pública la oportunidad de responder a la queja, incluyendo como mínimo—

(i) A discreción de la agencia pública, una propuesta para resolver la queja; y

(ii) Una oportunidad para un padre que ha presentado una queja y la agencia pública para entrar voluntariamente en la mediación consistente con §300.506;

(4) Repasar toda la información relevante y tomar una determinación independiente sobre si la agencia pública está violando un requisito de la Parte B del Acta o de esta parte; y

(5) Emitir por escrito una decisión a la persona que se queja que trate cada alegación en la queja y contenga—

(i) Las determinaciones de hechos y conclusiones; y

(ii) Las razones para la decisión final de la SEA.

(b) Extensión del tiempo; decisión final; implementación. Los procedimientos de la SEA descritos en el párrafo (a) de esta sección también deberán—

(1) Permitir una extensión del tiempo límite bajo el párrafo (a) de esta sección solamente si—

(i) Existen circunstancias excepcionales con respecto a una queja particular; o

(ii) El padre (o individuo u organización, si la mediación u otro medio alternativo de disputa es disponible para el individuo u organización bajo los procedimientos Estatales) y la agencia pública involucrada acuerdan extender el tiempo para participar en la mediación según el párrafo (a)(3)(ii) de esta sección o para participar en otro medio alternativo de resolver la disputa, si existe disponible en el Estado; e

(2) Incluir procedimientos para la implementación efectiva de la decisión final de la SEA, si es necesario, incluyendo—

(i) Actividades de asistencia técnica;

(ii) Negociaciones; y

(iii) Acciones correctivas para lograr el cumplimiento.

(c) Quejas presentadas bajo esta sección y audiencias de proceso legal debido bajo §300.507 y §§300.530 hasta 300.532. (1) Si se recibe una queja por escrito que también es tema de una audiencia de proceso legal debido bajo §300.507 o §§300.530 hasta 300.532, o contiene temas múltiples de los cuales uno o más son parte de esa audiencia, el Estado deberá poner aparte cualquier parte de la queja que esté siendo tratada en la audiencia de proceso legal debido hasta la conclusión de la audiencia. Sin embargo, cualquier tema en la queja que no es parte de la acción del proceso legal debido deberá resolverse usando el tiempo límite y los procedimientos descritos en los párrafos (a) y (b) de esta sección.

(2) Si una controversia que surge en una queja presentada bajo esta sección ya ha sido previamente decidida en una audiencia de proceso legal debido que involucra a las mismas partes—

(i) La decisión de la audiencia de proceso legal debido será vinculante sobre esa controversia; y

(ii) La SEA deberá informar al reclamante a ese efecto.

(3) Una queja alegando la falta de implementación por parte de una agencia pública de la decisión de una audiencia de proceso legal debido deberá ser resuelta por la SEA.

(Approved by the Office of Management and Budget under control numbers 1820–0030 and 1820–0600)
(Autoridad: 20 U.S.C. 1221e–3)

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§ 300.153 Presentación de una queja.*

(a) Una organización o individuo puede presentar una queja por escrito y firmada bajo los procedimientos descritos en §§300.151 hasta 300.152.

(b) La queja deberá incluir—

(1) Una declaración de que una agencia pública ha violado un requisito de la Parte B del Acta o de esta parte;

(2) Los hechos sobre los cuales se basa la declaración;

(3) La firma y la información de contacto del reclamante; y

(4) Si se alegan violaciones con respecto a un niño específico—

(i) El nombre y la dirección de la residencia del niño;

(ii) El nombre de la escuela a la que el niño asiste;

(iii) En el caso de un joven sin hogar (dentro del significado de la sección 725(2) del Acta de Ayuda para Personas sin Hogar McKinney-Vento (42 Código de los EE.UU. 11434a(2)), información de contacto disponible para el niño y el nombre de la escuela a la que el niño asiste;

(iv) Una descripción de la naturaleza del problema del niño, incluyendo hechos relativos al problema; y

(v) Una resolución propuesta del problema hasta el grado conocido y disponible a la parte en el momento de presentación de la queja.

(c) La queja deberá alegar una violación que ocurrió no más de un año antes de la fecha en que se reciba la queja de acuerdo con §300.151.

(d) La parte que presenta la queja deberá dirigir una copia de la queja a la LEA o a la agencia pública que esté atendiendo al niño al mismo tiempo que la parte presenta la queja con la SEA.

(Approved by the Office of Management and Budget under control numbers 1820–0030 and 1820–0600)
(Autoridad: 20 U.S.C. 1221e–3)

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Methods of Ensuring Services

§ 300.154 Methods of ensuring services.

(a) Establishing responsibility for services. The Chief Executive Officer of a State or designee of that officer must ensure that an interagency agreement or other mechanism for interagency coordination is in effect between each noneducational public agency described in paragraph (b) of this section and the SEA, in order to ensure that all services described in paragraph (b)(1) of this section that are needed to ensure FAPE are provided, including the provision of these services during the pendency of any dispute under paragraph (a)(3) of this section. The agreement or mechanism must include the following:

(1) An identification of, or a method for defining, the financial responsibility of each agency for providing services described in paragraph (b)(1) of this section to ensure FAPE to children with disabilities. The financial responsibility of each noneducational public agency described in paragraph (b) of this section, including the State Medicaid agency and other public insurers of children with disabilities, must precede the financial responsibility of the LEA (or the State agency responsible for developing the child’s IEP).

(2) The conditions, terms, and procedures under which an LEA must be reimbursed by other agencies.

(3) Procedures for resolving interagency disputes (including procedures under which LEAs may initiate proceedings) under the agreement or other mechanism to secure reimbursement from other agencies or otherwise implement the provisions of the agreement or mechanism.

(4) Policies and procedures for agencies to determine and identify the interagency coordination responsibilities of each agency to promote the coordination and timely and appropriate delivery of services described in paragraph (b)(1) of this section.

(b) Obligation of noneducational public agencies. (1)(i) If any public agency other than an educational agency is otherwise obligated under Federal or State law, or assigned responsibility under State policy or pursuant to paragraph (a) of this section, to provide or pay for any services that are also considered special education or related services (such as, but not limited to, services described in §300.5 relating to assistive technology devices, §300.6 relating to assistive technology services, §300.34 relating to related services, §300.41 relating to supplementary aids and services, and §300.42 relating to transition services) that are necessary for ensuring FAPE to children with disabilities within the State, the public agency must fulfill that obligation or responsibility, either directly or through contract or other arrangement pursuant to paragraph (a) of this section or an agreement pursuant to paragraph (c) of this section.

(ii) A noneducational public agency described in paragraph (b)(1)(i) of this section may not disqualify an eligible service for Medicaid reimbursement because that service is provided in a school context.

(2) If a public agency other than an educational agency fails to provide or pay for the special education and related services described in paragraph (b)(1) of this section, the LEA (or State agency responsible for developing the child’s IEP) must provide or pay for these services to the child in a timely manner. The LEA or State agency is authorized to claim reimbursement for the services from the noneducational public agency that failed to provide or pay for these services and that agency must reimburse the LEA or State agency in accordance with the terms of the interagency agreement or other mechanism described in paragraph (a) of this section.

(c) Special rule. The requirements of paragraph (a) of this section may be met through—

(1) State statute or regulation;

(2) Signed agreements between respective agency officials that clearly identify the responsibilities of each agency relating to the provision of services; or

(3) Other appropriate written methods as determined by the Chief Executive Officer of the State or designee of that officer and approved by the Secretary.

(d) Children with disabilities who are covered by public benefits or insurance. (1) A public agency may use the Medicaid or other public benefits or insurance programs in which a child participates to provide or pay for services required under this part, as permitted under the public benefits or insurance program, except as provided in paragraph (d)(2) of this section.

(2) With regard to services required to provide FAPE to an eligible child under this part, the public agency—

(i) May not require parents to sign up for or enroll in public benefits or insurance programs in order for their child to receive FAPE under Part B of the Act;

(ii) May not require parents to incur an out-of-pocket expense such as the payment of a deductible or co-pay amount incurred in filing a claim for services provided pursuant to this part, but pursuant to paragraph (g)(2) of this section, may pay the cost that the parents otherwise would be required to pay;

(iii) May not use a child’s benefits under a public benefits or insurance program if that use would—

(A) Decrease available lifetime coverage or any other insured benefit;

(B) Result in the family paying for services that would otherwise be covered by the public benefits or insurance program and that are required for the child outside of the time the child is in school;

(C) Increase premiums or lead to the discontinuation of benefits or insurance; or

(D) Risk loss of eligibility for home and community-based waivers, based on aggregate health-related expenditures; and

(iv)(A) Must obtain parental consent, consistent with §300.9, each time that access to public benefits or insurance is sought; and

(B) Notify parents that the parents’ refusal to allow access to their public benefits or insurance does not relieve the public agency of its responsibility to ensure that all required services are provided at no cost to the parents.

(e) Children with disabilities who are covered by private insurance. (1) With regard to services required to provide FAPE to an eligible child under this part, a public agency may access the parents’ private insurance proceeds only if the parents provide consent consistent with §300.9.

(2) Each time the public agency proposes to access the parents’ private insurance proceeds, the agency must—

(i) Obtain parental consent in accordance with paragraph (e)(1) of this section; and

(ii) Inform the parents that their refusal to permit the public agency to access their private insurance does not relieve the public agency of its responsibility to ensure that all required services are provided at no cost to the parents.

(f) Use of Part B funds. (1) If a public agency is unable to obtain parental consent to use the parents’ private insurance, or public benefits or insurance when the parents would incur a cost for a specified service required under this part, to ensure FAPE the public agency may use its Part B funds to pay for the service.

(2) To avoid financial cost to parents who otherwise would consent to use private insurance, or public benefits or insurance if the parents would incur a cost, the public agency may use its Part B funds to pay the cost that the parents otherwise would have to pay to use the parents’ benefits or insurance (e.g., the deductible or co-pay amounts).

(g) Proceeds from public benefits or insurance or private insurance. (1) Proceeds from public benefits or insurance or private insurance will not be treated as program income for purposes of 34 CFR 80.25.

(2) If a public agency spends reimbursements from Federal funds (e.g., Medicaid) for services under this part, those funds will not be considered “State or local” funds for purposes of the maintenance of effort provisions in §§300.163 and 300.203.

(h) Construction. Nothing in this part should be construed to alter the requirements imposed on a State Medicaid agency, or any other agency administering a public benefits or insurance program by Federal statute, regulations or policy under title XIX, or title XXI of the Social Security Act, 42 U.S.C. 1396 through 1396v and 42 U.S.C. 1397aa through 1397jj, or any other public benefits or insurance program.

(Approved by the Office of Management and Budget under control number 1820–0030)
(Authority: 20 U.S.C. 1412(a)(12) and (e))

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Additional Eligibility Requirements

§ 300.155 Hearings relating to LEA eligibility.

The SEA must not make any final determination that an LEA is not eligible for assistance under Part B of the Act without first giving the LEA reasonable notice and an opportunity for a hearing under 34 CFR 76.401(d).

(Approved by the Office of Management and Budget under control number 1820–0030)

(Authority: 20 U.S.C. 1412(a)(13))

§ 300.156 Personnel qualifications.

(a) General. The SEA must establish and maintain qualifications to ensure that personnel necessary to carry out the purposes of this part are appropriately and adequately prepared and trained, including that those personnel have the content knowledge and skills to serve children with disabilities.

(b) Related services personnel and paraprofessionals. The qualifications under paragraph (a) of this section must include qualifications for related services personnel and paraprofessionals that—

(1) Are consistent with any State-approved or State-recognized certification, licensing, registration, or other comparable requirements that apply to the professional discipline in which those personnel are providing special education or related services; and

(2) Ensure that related services personnel who deliver services in their discipline or profession—

(i) Meet the requirements of paragraph (b)(1) of this section; and

(ii) Have not had certification or licensure requirements waived on an emergency, temporary, or provisional basis; and

(iii) Allow paraprofessionals and assistants who are appropriately trained and supervised, in accordance with State law, regulation, or written policy, in meeting the requirements of this part to be used to assist in the provision of special education and related services under this part to children with disabilities.

(c) Qualifications for special education teachers. The qualifications described in paragraph (a) of this section must ensure that each person employed as a public school special education teacher in the State who teaches in an elementary school, middle school, or secondary school is highly qualified as a special education teacher by the deadline established in section 1119(a)(2) of the ESEA.

(d) Policy. In implementing this section, a State must adopt a policy that includes a requirement that LEAs in the State take measurable steps to recruit, hire, train, and retain highly qualified personnel to provide special education and related services under this part to children with disabilities.

(e) Rule of construction. Notwithstanding any other individual right of action that a parent or student may maintain under this part, nothing in this part shall be construed to create a right of action on behalf of an individual student or a class of students for the failure of a particular SEA or LEA employee to be highly qualified, or to prevent a parent from filing a complaint about staff qualifications with the SEA as provided for under this part.

(Approved by the Office of Management and Budget under control number 1820–0030)
(Authority: 20 U.S.C. 1412(a)(14))

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§ 300.157 Performance goals and indicators.

The State must—

(a) Have in effect established goals for the performance of children with disabilities in the State that—

(1) Promote the purposes of this part, as stated in §300.1;

(2) Are the same as the State’s objectives for progress by children in its definition of adequate yearly progress, including the State’s objectives for progress by children with disabilities, under section 1111(b)(2)(C) of the ESEA, 20 U.S.C. 6311;

(3) Address graduation rates and dropout rates, as well as such other factors as the State may determine; and

(4) Are consistent, to the extent appropriate, with any other goals and academic standards for children established by the State;

(b) Have in effect established performance indicators the State will use to assess progress toward achieving the goals described in paragraph (a) of this section, including measurable annual objectives for progress by children with disabilities under section 1111(b)(2)(C)(v)(II)(cc) of the ESEA, 20 U.S.C. 6311; and

(c) Annually report to the Secretary and the public on the progress of the State, and of children with disabilities in the State, toward meeting the goals established under paragraph (a) of this section, which may include elements of the reports required under section 1111(h) of the ESEA.

(Approved by the Office of Management and Budget under control number 1820–0030)

(Authority: 20 U.S.C. 1412(a)(15))

§§ 300.158-300.159 [Reserved]

§ 300.160 Participation in assessments.

(a) General. A State must ensure that all children with disabilities are included in all general State and district-wide assessment programs, including assessments described under section 1111 of the ESEA, 20 U.S.C. 6311, with appropriate accommodations and alternate assessments, if necessary, as indicated in their respective IEPs.

(b) Accommodation guidelines. (1) A State (or, in the case of a district-wide assessment, an LEA) must develop guidelines for the provision of appropriate accommodations.

(2) The State’s (or, in the case of a district-wide assessment, the LEA’s) guidelines must—

(i) Identify only those accommodations for each assessment that do not invalidate the score; and

(ii) Instruct IEP Teams to select, for each assessment, only those accommodations that do not invalidate the score.

(c) Alternate assessments. (1) A State (or, in the case of a district-wide assessment, an LEA) must develop and implement alternate assessments and guidelines for the participation of children with disabilities in alternate assessments for those children who cannot participate in regular assessments, even with accommodations, as indicated in their respective IEPs, as provided in paragraph (a) of this section.

(2) For assessing the academic progress of students with disabilities under Title I of the ESEA, the alternate assessments and guidelines in paragraph (c)(1) of this section must provide for alternate assessments that—

(i) Are aligned with the State’s challenging academic content standards and challenging student academic achievement standards;

(ii) If the State has adopted modified academic achievement standards permitted in 34 CFR 200.1(e), measure the achievement of children with disabilities meeting the State’s criteria under §200.1(e)(2) against those standards; and

(iii) If the State has adopted alternate academic achievement standards permitted in 34 CFR 200.1(d), measure the achievement of children with the most significant cognitive disabilities against those standards.

(d) Explanation to IEP Teams. A State (or in the case of a district-wide assessment, an LEA) must provide IEP Teams with a clear explanation of the differences between assessments based on grade-level academic achievement standards and those based on modified or alternate academic achievement standards, including any effects of State or local policies on the student’s education resulting from taking an alternate assessment based on alternate or modified academic achievement standards (such as whether only satisfactory performance on a regular assessment would qualify a student for a regular high school diploma).

(e) Inform parents. A State (or in the case of a district-wide assessment, an LEA) must ensure that parents of students selected to be assessed based on alternate or modified academic achievement standards are informed that their child’s achievement will be measured based on alternate or modified academic achievement standards.

(f) Reports. An SEA (or, in the case of a district-wide assessment, an LEA) must make available to the public, and report to the public with the same frequency and in the same detail as it reports on the assessment of nondisabled children, the following:

(1) The number of children with disabilities participating in regular assessments, and the number of those children who were provided accommodations (that did not result in an invalid score) in order to participate in those assessments.

(2) The number of children with disabilities, if any, participating in alternate assessments based on grade-level academic achievement standards.

(3) The number of children with disabilities, if any, participating in alternate assessments based on modified academic achievement standards.

(4) The number of children with disabilities, if any, participating in alternate assessments based on alternate academic achievement standards.

(5) Compared with the achievement of all children, including children with disabilities, the performance results of children with disabilities on regular assessments, alternate assessments based on grade-level academic achievement standards, alternate assessments based on modified academic achievement standards, and alternate assessments based on alternate academic achievement standards if—

(i) The number of children participating in those assessments is sufficient to yield statistically reliable information; and

(ii) Reporting that information will not reveal personally identifiable information about an individual student on those assessments.

(g) Universal design. An SEA (or, in the case of a district-wide assessment, an LEA) must, to the extent possible, use universal design principles in developing and administering any assessments under this section.

(Authority: 20 U.S.C. 1412(a)(16))

[72 FR 17781, Apr. 9, 2007]

§ 300.161 [Reserved]

§ 300.162 Supplementation of State, local, and other Federal funds.

(a) Expenditures. Funds paid to a State under this part must be expended in accordance with all the provisions of this part.

(b) Prohibition against commingling. (1) Funds paid to a State under this part must not be commingled with State funds.

(2) The requirement in paragraph (b)(1) of this section is satisfied by the use of a separate accounting system that includes an audit trail of the expenditure of funds paid to a State under this part. Separate bank accounts are not required. (See 34 CFR 76.702 (Fiscal control and fund accounting procedures).)

(c) State-level nonsupplanting. (1) Except as provided in §300.203, funds paid to a State under Part B of the Act must be used to supplement the level of Federal, State, and local funds (including funds that are not under the direct control of the SEA or LEAs) expended for special education and related services provided to children with disabilities under Part B of the Act, and in no case to supplant those Federal, State, and local funds.

(2) If the State provides clear and convincing evidence that all children with disabilities have available to them FAPE, the Secretary may waive, in whole or in part, the requirements of paragraph (c)(1) of this section if the Secretary concurs with the evidence provided by the State under §300.164.

(Approved by the Office of Management and Budget under control number 1820–0030)
(Authority: 20 U.S.C. 1412(a)(17))
[71 FR 46753, Aug. 14, 2006; 72 FR 61306, Oct. 30, 2007]

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§ 300.163 Maintenance of State financial support.

(a) General. A State must not reduce the amount of State financial support for special education and related services for children with disabilities, or otherwise made available because of the excess costs of educating those children, below the amount of that support for the preceding fiscal year.

(b) Reduction of funds for failure to maintain support. The Secretary reduces the allocation of funds under section 611 of the Act for any fiscal year following the fiscal year in which the State fails to comply with the requirement of paragraph (a) of this section by the same amount by which the State fails to meet the requirement.

(c) Waivers for exceptional or uncontrollable circumstances. The Secretary may waive the requirement of paragraph (a) of this section for a State, for one fiscal year at a time, if the Secretary determines that—

(1) Granting a waiver would be equitable due to exceptional or uncontrollable circumstances such as a natural disaster or a precipitous and unforeseen decline in the financial resources of the State; or

(2) The State meets the standard in §300.164 for a waiver of the requirement to supplement, and not to supplant, funds received under Part B of the Act.

(d) Subsequent years. If, for any fiscal year, a State fails to meet the requirement of paragraph (a) of this section, including any year for which the State is granted a waiver under paragraph (c) of this section, the financial support required of the State in future years under paragraph (a) of this section shall be the amount that would have been required in the absence of that failure and not the reduced level of the State’s support.

(Approved by the Office of Management and Budget under control number 1820–0030)

(Authority: 20 U.S.C. 1412(a)(18))

§ 300.164 Waiver of requirement regarding supplementing and not supplanting with Part B funds.

(a) Except as provided under §§300.202 through 300.205, funds paid to a State under Part B of the Act must be used to supplement and increase the level of Federal, State, and local funds (including funds that are not under the direct control of SEAs or LEAs) expended for special education and related services provided to children with disabilities under Part B of the Act and in no case to supplant those Federal, State, and local funds. A State may use funds it retains under §300.704(a) and (b) without regard to the prohibition on supplanting other funds.

(b) If a State provides clear and convincing evidence that all eligible children with disabilities throughout the State have FAPE available to them, the Secretary may waive for a period of one year in whole or in part the requirement under §300.162 (regarding State-level nonsupplanting) if the Secretary concurs with the evidence provided by the State.

(c) If a State wishes to request a waiver under this section, it must submit to the Secretary a written request that includes—

(1) An assurance that FAPE is currently available, and will remain available throughout the period that a waiver would be in effect, to all eligible children with disabilities throughout the State, regardless of the public agency that is responsible for providing FAPE to them. The assurance must be signed by an official who has the authority to provide that assurance as it applies to all eligible children with disabilities in the State;

(2) All evidence that the State wishes the Secretary to consider in determining whether all eligible children with disabilities have FAPE available to them, setting forth in detail—

(i) The basis on which the State has concluded that FAPE is available to all eligible children in the State; and

(ii) The procedures that the State will implement to ensure that FAPE remains available to all eligible children in the State, which must include—

(A) The State’s procedures under §300.111 for ensuring that all eligible children are identified, located and evaluated;

(B) The State’s procedures for monitoring public agencies to ensure that they comply with all requirements of this part;

(C) The State’s complaint procedures under §§300.151 through 300.153; and

(D) The State’s hearing procedures under §§300.511 through 300.516 and §§300.530 through 300.536;

(3) A summary of all State and Federal monitoring reports, and State complaint decisions (see §§300.151 through 300.153) and hearing decisions (see §§300.511 through 300.516 and §§300.530 through 300.536), issued within three years prior to the date of the State’s request for a waiver under this section, that includes any finding that FAPE has not been available to one or more eligible children, and evidence that FAPE is now available to all children addressed in those reports or decisions; and

(4) Evidence that the State, in determining that FAPE is currently available to all eligible children with disabilities in the State, has consulted with the State advisory panel under §300.167.

(d) If the Secretary determines that the request and supporting evidence submitted by the State makes a prima facie showing that FAPE is, and will remain, available to all eligible children with disabilities in the State, the Secretary, after notice to the public throughout the State, conducts a public hearing at which all interested persons and organizations may present evidence regarding the following issues:

(1) Whether FAPE is currently available to all eligible children with disabilities in the State.

(2) Whether the State will be able to ensure that FAPE remains available to all eligible children with disabilities in the State if the Secretary provides the requested waiver.

(e) Following the hearing, the Secretary, based on all submitted evidence, will provide a waiver, in whole or in part, for a period of one year if the Secretary finds that the State has provided clear and convincing evidence that FAPE is currently available to all eligible children with disabilities in the State, and the State will be able to ensure that FAPE remains available to all eligible children with disabilities in the State if the Secretary provides the requested waiver.

(f) A State may receive a waiver of the requirement of section 612(a)(18)(A) of the Act and §300.164 if it satisfies the requirements of paragraphs (b) through (e) of this section.

(g) The Secretary may grant subsequent waivers for a period of one year each, if the Secretary determines that the State has provided clear and convincing evidence that all eligible children with disabilities throughout the State have, and will continue to have throughout the one-year period of the waiver, FAPE available to them.

(Approved by the Office of Management and Budget under control number 1820–0030)

(Authority: 20 U.S.C. 1412(a)(17)(C), (18)(C)(ii))

§ 300.165 Public participation.

(a) Prior to the adoption of any policies and procedures needed to comply with Part B of the Act (including any amendments to those policies and procedures), the State must ensure that there are public hearings, adequate notice of the hearings, and an opportunity for comment available to the general public, including individuals with disabilities and parents of children with disabilities.

(b) Before submitting a State plan under this part, a State must comply with the public participation requirements in paragraph (a) of this section and those in 20 U.S.C. 1232d(b)(7).

(Approved by the Office of Management and Budget under control number 1820–0030)
(Authority: 20 U.S.C. 1412(a)(19); 20 U.S.C. 1232d(b)(7))

§ 300.166 Rule of construction.

In complying with §§300.162 and 300.163, a State may not use funds paid to it under this part to satisfy State-law mandated funding obligations to LEAs, including funding based on student attendance or enrollment, or inflation.

(Approved by the Office of Management and Budget under control number 1820–0030)

(Authority: 20 U.S.C. 1412(a)(20))

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State Advisory Panel

§ 300.167 State advisory panel.

The State must establish and maintain an advisory panel for the purpose of providing policy guidance with respect to special education and related services for children with disabilities in the State.

(Approved by the Office of Management and Budget under control number 1820–0030)

(Authority: 20 U.S.C. 1412(a)(21)(A))

§ 300.168 Membership.

(a) General. The advisory panel must consist of members appointed by the Governor, or any other official authorized under State law to make such appointments, be representative of the State population and be composed of individuals involved in, or concerned with the education of children with disabilities, including—

(1) Parents of children with disabilities (ages birth through 26);

(2) Individuals with disabilities;

(3) Teachers;

(4) Representatives of institutions of higher education that prepare special education and related services personnel;

(5) State and local education officials, including officials who carry out activities under subtitle B of title VII of the McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act, (42 U.S.C. 11431 et seq. );

(6) Administrators of programs for children with disabilities;

(7) Representatives of other State agencies involved in the financing or delivery of related services to children with disabilities;

(8) Representatives of private schools and public charter schools;

(9) Not less than one representative of a vocational, community, or business organization concerned with the provision of transition services to children with disabilities;

(10) A representative from the State child welfare agency responsible for foster care; and

(11) Representatives from the State juvenile and adult corrections agencies.

(b) Special rule. A majority of the members of the panel must be individuals with disabilities or parents of children with disabilities (ages birth through 26).

(Approved by the Office of Management and Budget under control number 1820–0030)

(Authority: 20 U.S.C. 1412(a)(21)(B) and (C))

§ 300.169 Duties.

The advisory panel must—

(a) Advise the SEA of unmet needs within the State in the education of children with disabilities;

(b) Comment publicly on any rules or regulations proposed by the State regarding the education of children with disabilities;

(c) Advise the SEA in developing evaluations and reporting on data to the Secretary under section 618 of the Act;

(d) Advise the SEA in developing corrective action plans to address findings identified in Federal monitoring reports under Part B of the Act; and

(e) Advise the SEA in developing and implementing policies relating to the coordination of services for children with disabilities.

(Approved by the Office of Management and Budget under control number 1820–0030)

(Authority: 20 U.S.C. 1412(a)(21)(D))

Other Provisions Required for State Eligibility

§ 300.170 Suspension and expulsion rates.

(a) General. The SEA must examine data, including data disaggregated by race and ethnicity, to determine if significant discrepancies are occurring in the rate of long-term suspensions and expulsions of children with disabilities—

(1) Among LEAs in the State; or

(2) Compared to the rates for nondisabled children within those agencies.

(b) Review and revision of policies. If the discrepancies described in paragraph (a) of this section are occurring, the SEA must review and, if appropriate, revise (or require the affected State agency or LEA to revise) its policies, procedures, and practices relating to the development and implementation of IEPs, the use of positive behavioral interventions and supports, and procedural safeguards, to ensure that these policies, procedures, and practices comply with the Act.

(Approved by the Office of Management and Budget under control number 1820–0030)

(Authority: 20 U.S.C. 1412(a)(22))

§ 300.171 Annual description of use of Part B funds.

(a) In order to receive a grant in any fiscal year a State must annually describe—

(1) How amounts retained for State administration and State-level activities under §300.704 will be used to meet the requirements of this part; and

(2) How those amounts will be allocated among the activities described in §300.704 to meet State priorities based on input from LEAs.

(b) If a State’s plans for use of its funds under §300.704 for the forthcoming year do not change from the prior year, the State may submit a letter to that effect to meet the requirement in paragraph (a) of this section.

(c) The provisions of this section do not apply to the Virgin Islands, Guam, American Samoa, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, and the freely associated States.

(Approved by the Office of Management and Budget under control number 1820–0030)

(Authority: 20 U.S.C. 1411(e)(5))

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§ 300.172 Acceso a los materiales de instrucción. *

(a) General. El Estado deberá—

(1) Adoptar la Norma Nacional de Accesibilidad de Materiales de Instrucción (NIMAS, por sus siglas en inglés), publicado como apéndice C de la parte 300, con el propósito de proveer materiales instructivos para las personas ciegas u otras personas con discapacidades para leer materiales impresos, a tiempo después de la publicación de NIMAS en el Registro Federal de julio 19, 2006 (71 FR 41084); y

(2) Establecer una definición Estatal de “a tiempo” para los propósitos de los párrafos (b)(2) y (b)(3) de esta sección si el Estado no está coordinado con el Centro Nacional de Acceso a Materiales de Instrucción (NIMAC) o (b)(3) y (c)(2) de esta sección si el Estado está coordinando con NIMAC.

(b) Derechos y responsabilidades de la SEA. (1) Ningún elemento de esta sección deberá ser interpretado como para exigir que cualquier SEA coordine con NIMAC.

(2) Si una SEA elige no coordinar con NIMAC, la SEA deberá asegurar al Secretario que proporcionará a tiempo materiales de instrucción para personas ciegas u otras personas con discapacidades para leer materiales impresos.

(3) Ningún elemento de esta sección libra a una SEA de su responsabilidad de asegurar que los niños con discapacidades que necesiten materiales de instrucción en formatos accesibles, pero que no estén incluidos bajo la definición de personas ciegas u otras personas con discapacidades para leer materiales impresos en §300.172(e)(1)(i) o quienes necesiten materiales que no puedan ser producidos de los archivos de NIMAS, reciban esos materiales de instrucción a tiempo.

(4) Para cumplir con su responsabilidad bajo los párrafos (b)(2), (b)(3), y (c) de esta sección con el fin de asegurar que los niños con discapacidades que necesiten materiales de instrucción en formatos accesibles reciban esos materiales a tiempo, la SEA deberá asegurar que todas las agencias públicas tomen pasos razonables para proveer materiales de instrucción en formatos accesibles a niños con discapacidades que necesiten esos materiales al mismo tiempo que otros niños reciben sus materiales de instrucción.

(c) Preparación y entrega de archivos. Si una SEA elige coordinar con NIMAC, a partir del 3 de diciembre del 2006, la SEA deberá—

(1) Como parte de cualquier proceso de adopción de materiales de instrucción impresos, contrato de adquisición, u otra práctica o instrumento utilizado para la compra de materiales de instrucción impresos, firmar un contrato con la editorial de los materiales de instrucción impresos para—

(i) Exigir que la editorial prepare y, antes o después de que sean entregados los materiales de instrucción impresos, proporcione a NIMAC archivos electrónicos que contengan el contenido de los materiales de instrucción impresos utilizando NIMAS; o

(ii) Comprar materiales de instrucción de la editorial que sean producidos en, o puedan ser convertidos en, formatos especiales.

(2) Proporcionar a tiempo materiales de instrucción para personas ciegas u otras personas con discapacidades para leer materiales impresos.

(d) Tecnología asistencial. Al llevar a cabo esta sección, la SEA, en gran medida, deberá trabajar en colaboración con la agencia Estatal responsable por los programas de tecnología asistencial.

(e) Definiciones. (1) En esta sección y §300.210—

(i) Personas ciegas u otras personas con discapacidades para leer materiales impresos significa niños servidos bajo esta parte que pueden calificar para recibir libros y otras publicaciones producidos en formatos especializados de acuerdo con el Acta titulado “Un Acta para proporcionar libros para adultos ciegos” aprobado en marzo 3, 1931, 2 U.S.C 135a;

(ii) Centro Nacional de Acceso a Materiales de Instrucción o NIMAC significa el centro establecido conforme a sección 674(e) del Acta;

(iii) Norma Nacional de Accesibilidad de Materiales de Instrucción o NIMAS tiene el significado dado al término en la sección 674(e)(3)(B) del Acta;

(iv) Formatos especializados tienen el significado dado al término en la sección 674(e)(3)(D) del Acta.

(2) Las definiciones del párrafo (e)(1) de esta sección se aplican a cada Estado y LEA, independientemente de la decisión del Estado o de la LEA en cuanto a su coordinación con NIMAC.

(Approved by the Office of Management and Budget under control number 1820–0030)
(Autoridad: 20 U.S.C. 1412(a)(23), 1474(e))
[71 FR 46753, Aug. 14, 2006; 72 FR 61306, Oct. 30, 2007]

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§ 300.173 Overidentification and disproportionality.

The State must have in effect, consistent with the purposes of this part and with section 618(d) of the Act, policies and procedures designed to prevent the inappropriate overidentification or disproportionate representation by race and ethnicity of children as children with disabilities, including children with disabilities with a particular impairment described in §300.8.

(Approved by the Office of Management and Budget under control number 1820–0030)

(Authority: 20 U.S.C. 1412(a)(24))

§ 300.174 Prohibition on mandatory medication.

(a) General. The SEA must prohibit State and LEA personnel from requiring parents to obtain a prescription for substances identified under schedules I, II, III, IV, or V in section 202(c) of the Controlled Substances Act (21 U.S.C. 812(c)) for a child as a condition of attending school, receiving an evaluation under §§300.300 through 300.311, or receiving services under this part.

(b) Rule of construction. Nothing in paragraph (a) of this section shall be construed to create a Federal prohibition against teachers and other school personnel consulting or sharing classroom-based observations with parents or guardians regarding a student’s academic and functional performance, or behavior in the classroom or school, or regarding the need for evaluation for special education or related services under §300.111 (related to child find).

(Approved by the Office of Management and Budget under control number 1820–0030)

(Authority: 20 U.S.C. 1412(a)(25))

§ 300.175 SEA as provider of FAPE or direct services.

If the SEA provides FAPE to children with disabilities, or provides direct services to these children, the agency—

(a) Must comply with any additional requirements of §§300.201 and 300.202 and §§300.206 through 300.226 as if the agency were an LEA; and

(b) May use amounts that are otherwise available to the agency under Part B of the Act to serve those children without regard to §300.202(b) (relating to excess costs).

(Approved by the Office of Management and Budget under control number 1820–0030)

(Authority: 20 U.S.C. 1412(b))

§ 300.176 Exception for prior State plans.

(a) General. If a State has on file with the Secretary policies and procedures approved by the Secretary that demonstrate that the State meets any requirement of §300.100, including any policies and procedures filed under Part B of the Act as in effect before, December 3, 2004, the Secretary considers the State to have met the requirement for purposes of receiving a grant under Part B of the Act.

(b) Modifications made by a State. (1) Subject to paragraph (b)(2) of this section, policies and procedures submitted by a State in accordance with this subpart remain in effect until the State submits to the Secretary the modifications that the State determines necessary.

(2) The provisions of this subpart apply to a modification to an application to the same extent and in the same manner that they apply to the original plan.

(c) Modifications required by the Secretary. The Secretary may require a State to modify its policies and procedures, but only to the extent necessary to ensure the State’s compliance with this part, if—

(1) After December 3, 2004, the provisions of the Act or the regulations in this part are amended;

(2) There is a new interpretation of this Act by a Federal court or a State’s highest court; or

(3) There is an official finding of noncompliance with Federal law or regulations.

(Approved by the Office of Management and Budget under control number 1820–0030)

(Authority: 20 U.S.C. 1412(c)(2) and (3))

§ 300.177 States’ sovereign immunity.

(a) General. A State that accepts funds under this part waives its immunity under the 11th amendment to the Constitution of the United States from suit in Federal court for a violation of this part.

(b) Remedies. In a suit against a State for a violation of this part, remedies (including remedies both at law and in equity) are available for such a violation in the suit against a public entity other than a State.

(c) Effective date. Paragraphs (a) and (b) of this section apply with respect to violations that occur in whole or part after the date of enactment of the Education of the Handicapped Act Amendments of 1990.

(Authority: 20 U.S.C. 1404)

Department Procedures

§ 300.178 Determination by the Secretary that a State is eligible to receive a grant.

If the Secretary determines that a State is eligible to receive a grant under Part B of the Act, the Secretary notifies the State of that determination.

(Authority: 20 U.S.C. 1412(d)(1))

§ 300.179 Notice and hearing before determining that a State is not eligible to receive a grant.

(a) General. (1) The Secretary does not make a final determination that a State is not eligible to receive a grant under Part B of the Act until providing the State—

(i) With reasonable notice; and

(ii) With an opportunity for a hearing.

(2) In implementing paragraph (a)(1)(i) of this section, the Secretary sends a written notice to the SEA by certified mail with return receipt requested.

(b) Content of notice. In the written notice described in paragraph (a)(2) of this section, the Secretary—

(1) States the basis on which the Secretary proposes to make a final determination that the State is not eligible;

(2) May describe possible options for resolving the issues;

(3) Advises the SEA that it may request a hearing and that the request for a hearing must be made not later than 30 days after it receives the notice of the proposed final determination that the State is not eligible; and

(4) Provides the SEA with information about the hearing procedures that will be followed.

(Authority: 20 U.S.C. 1412(d)(2))

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§ 300.180 Hearing official or panel.

(a) If the SEA requests a hearing, the Secretary designates one or more individuals, either from the Department or elsewhere, not responsible for or connected with the administration of this program, to conduct a hearing.

(b) If more than one individual is designated, the Secretary designates one of those individuals as the Chief Hearing Official of the Hearing Panel. If one individual is designated, that individual is the Hearing Official.

(Authority: 20 U.S.C. 1412(d)(2))

§ 300.181 Hearing procedures.

(a) As used in §§300.179 through 300.184 the term party or parties means the following:

(1) An SEA that requests a hearing regarding the proposed disapproval of the State’s eligibility under this part.

(2) The Department official who administers the program of financial assistance under this part.

(3) A person, group or agency with an interest in and having relevant information about the case that has applied for and been granted leave to intervene by the Hearing Official or Hearing Panel.

(b) Within 15 days after receiving a request for a hearing, the Secretary designates a Hearing Official or Hearing Panel and notifies the parties.

(c) The Hearing Official or Hearing Panel may regulate the course of proceedings and the conduct of the parties during the proceedings. The Hearing Official or Hearing Panel takes all steps necessary to conduct a fair and impartial proceeding, to avoid delay, and to maintain order, including the following:

(1) The Hearing Official or Hearing Panel may hold conferences or other types of appropriate proceedings to clarify, simplify, or define the issues or to consider other matters that may aid in the disposition of the case.

(2) The Hearing Official or Hearing Panel may schedule a prehearing conference with the Hearing Official or Hearing Panel and the parties.

(3) Any party may request the Hearing Official or Hearing Panel to schedule a prehearing or other conference. The Hearing Official or Hearing Panel decides whether a conference is necessary and notifies all parties.

(4) At a prehearing or other conference, the Hearing Official or Hearing Panel and the parties may consider subjects such as—

(i) Narrowing and clarifying issues;

(ii) Assisting the parties in reaching agreements and stipulations;

(iii) Clarifying the positions of the parties;

(iv) Determining whether an evidentiary hearing or oral argument should be held; and

(v) Setting dates for—

(A) The exchange of written documents;

(B) The receipt of comments from the parties on the need for oral argument or evidentiary hearing;

(C) Further proceedings before the Hearing Official or Hearing Panel (including an evidentiary hearing or oral argument, if either is scheduled);

(D) Requesting the names of witnesses each party wishes to present at an evidentiary hearing and estimation of time for each presentation; or

(E) Completion of the review and the initial decision of the Hearing Official or Hearing Panel.

(5) A prehearing or other conference held under paragraph (c)(4) of this section may be conducted by telephone conference call.

(6) At a prehearing or other conference, the parties must be prepared to discuss the subjects listed in paragraph (b)(4) of this section.

(7) Following a prehearing or other conference the Hearing Official or Hearing Panel may issue a written statement describing the issues raised, the action taken, and the stipulations and agreements reached by the parties.

(d) The Hearing Official or Hearing Panel may require parties to state their positions and to provide all or part of the evidence in writing.

(e) The Hearing Official or Hearing Panel may require parties to present testimony through affidavits and to conduct cross-examination through interrogatories.

(f) The Hearing Official or Hearing Panel may direct the parties to exchange relevant documents or information and lists of witnesses, and to send copies to the Hearing Official or Panel.

(g) The Hearing Official or Hearing Panel may receive, rule on, exclude, or limit evidence at any stage of the proceedings.

(h) The Hearing Official or Hearing Panel may rule on motions and other issues at any stage of the proceedings.

(i) The Hearing Official or Hearing Panel may examine witnesses.

(j) The Hearing Official or Hearing Panel may set reasonable time limits for submission of written documents.

(k) The Hearing Official or Hearing Panel may refuse to consider documents or other submissions if they are not submitted in a timely manner unless good cause is shown.

(l) The Hearing Official or Hearing Panel may interpret applicable statutes and regulations but may not waive them or rule on their validity.

(m)(1) The parties must present their positions through briefs and the submission of other documents and may request an oral argument or evidentiary hearing. The Hearing Official or Hearing Panel shall determine whether an oral argument or an evidentiary hearing is needed to clarify the positions of the parties.

(2) The Hearing Official or Hearing Panel gives each party an opportunity to be represented by counsel.

(n) If the Hearing Official or Hearing Panel determines that an evidentiary hearing would materially assist the resolution of the matter, the Hearing Official or Hearing Panel gives each party, in addition to the opportunity to be represented by counsel—

(1) An opportunity to present witnesses on the party’s behalf; and

(2) An opportunity to cross-examine witnesses either orally or with written questions.

(o) The Hearing Official or Hearing Panel accepts any evidence that it finds is relevant and material to the proceedings and is not unduly repetitious.

(p)(1) The Hearing Official or Hearing Panel—

(i) Arranges for the preparation of a transcript of each hearing;

(ii) Retains the original transcript as part of the record of the hearing; and

(iii) Provides one copy of the transcript to each party.

(2) Additional copies of the transcript are available on request and with payment of the reproduction fee.

(q) Each party must file with the Hearing Official or Hearing Panel all written motions, briefs, and other documents and must at the same time provide a copy to the other parties to the proceedings.

(Authority: 20 U.S.C. 1412(d)(2))

[71 FR 46753, Aug. 14, 2006; 72 FR 61306, Oct. 30, 2007]

§ 300.182 Initial decision; final decision.

(a) The Hearing Official or Hearing Panel prepares an initial written decision that addresses each of the points in the notice sent by the Secretary to the SEA under §300.179 including any amendments to or further clarifications of the issues, under §300.181(c)(7).

(b) The initial decision of a Hearing Panel is made by a majority of Panel members.

(c) The Hearing Official or Hearing Panel mails, by certified mail with return receipt requested, a copy of the initial decision to each party (or to the party’s counsel) and to the Secretary, with a notice stating that each party has an opportunity to submit written comments regarding the decision to the Secretary.

(d) Each party may file comments and recommendations on the initial decision with the Hearing Official or Hearing Panel within 15 days of the date the party receives the Panel’s decision.

(e) The Hearing Official or Hearing Panel sends a copy of a party’s initial comments and recommendations to the other parties by certified mail with return receipt requested. Each party may file responsive comments and recommendations with the Hearing Official or Hearing Panel within seven days of the date the party receives the initial comments and recommendations.

(f) The Hearing Official or Hearing Panel forwards the parties’ initial and responsive comments on the initial decision to the Secretary who reviews the initial decision and issues a final decision.

(g) The initial decision of the Hearing Official or Hearing Panel becomes the final decision of the Secretary unless, within 25 days after the end of the time for receipt of written comments and recommendations, the Secretary informs the Hearing Official or Hearing Panel and the parties to a hearing in writing that the decision is being further reviewed for possible modification.

(h) The Secretary rejects or modifies the initial decision of the Hearing Official or Hearing Panel if the Secretary finds that it is clearly erroneous.

(i) The Secretary conducts the review based on the initial decision, the written record, the transcript of the Hearing Official’s or Hearing Panel’s proceedings, and written comments.

(j) The Secretary may remand the matter to the Hearing Official or Hearing Panel for further proceedings.

(k) Unless the Secretary remands the matter as provided in paragraph (j) of this section, the Secretary issues the final decision, with any necessary modifications, within 30 days after notifying the Hearing Official or Hearing Panel that the initial decision is being further reviewed.

(Approved by the Office of Management and Budget under control number 1820–0030)

(Authority: 20 U.S.C. 1412(d)(2))

§ 300.183 Filing requirements.

(a) Any written submission by a party under §§300.179 through 300.184 must be filed by hand delivery, by mail, or by facsimile transmission. The Secretary discourages the use of facsimile transmission for documents longer than five pages.

(b) The filing date under paragraph (a) of this section is the date the document is—

(1) Hand-delivered;

(2) Mailed; or

(3) Sent by facsimile transmission.

(c) A party filing by facsimile transmission is responsible for confirming that a complete and legible copy of the document was received by the Department.

(d) If a document is filed by facsimile transmission, the Secretary, the Hearing Official, or the Hearing Panel, as applicable, may require the filing of a follow-up hard copy by hand delivery or by mail within a reasonable period of time.

(e) If agreed upon by the parties, service of a document may be made upon the other party by facsimile transmission.

(Authority: 20 U.S.C. 1412(d))

§ 300.184 Judicial review.

If a State is dissatisfied with the Secretary’s final decision with respect to the eligibility of the State under section 612 of the Act, the State may, not later than 60 days after notice of that decision, file with the United States Court of Appeals for the circuit in which that State is located a petition for review of that decision. A copy of the petition must be transmitted by the clerk of the court to the Secretary. The Secretary then files in the court the record of the proceedings upon which the Secretary’s decision was based, as provided in 28 U.S.C. 2112.

(Authority: 20 U.S.C. 1416(e)(8))

§ 300.185 [Reserved]

§ 300.186 Assistance under other Federal programs.

Part B of the Act may not be construed to permit a State to reduce medical and other assistance available, or to alter eligibility, under titles V and XIX of the Social Security Act with respect to the provision of FAPE for children with disabilities in the State.

(Authority: 20 U.S.C. 1412(e))

By-pass for Children in Private Schools

§ 300.190 By-pass—general.

(a) If, on December 2, 1983, the date of enactment of the Education of the Handicapped Act Amendments of 1983, an SEA was prohibited by law from providing for the equitable participation in special programs of children with disabilities enrolled in private elementary schools and secondary schools as required by section 612(a)(10)(A) of the Act, or if the Secretary determines that an SEA, LEA, or other public agency has substantially failed or is unwilling to provide for such equitable participation then the Secretary shall, notwithstanding such provision of law, arrange for the provision of services to these children through arrangements which shall be subject to the requirements of section 612(a)(10)(A) of the Act.

(b) The Secretary waives the requirement of section 612(a)(10)(A) of the Act and of §§300.131 through 300.144 if the Secretary implements a by-pass.

(Authority: 20 U.S.C. 1412(f)(1))

§ 300.191 Provisions for services under a by-pass.

(a) Before implementing a by-pass, the Secretary consults with appropriate public and private school officials, including SEA officials, in the affected State, and as appropriate, LEA or other public agency officials to consider matters such as—

(1) Any prohibition imposed by State law that results in the need for a by-pass; and

(2) The scope and nature of the services required by private school children with disabilities in the State, and the number of children to be served under the by-pass.

(b) After determining that a by-pass is required, the Secretary arranges for the provision of services to private school children with disabilities in the State, LEA or other public agency in a manner consistent with the requirements of section 612(a)(10)(A) of the Act and §§300.131 through 300.144 by providing services through one or more agreements with appropriate parties.

(c) For any fiscal year that a by-pass is implemented, the Secretary determines the maximum amount to be paid to the providers of services by multiplying—

(1) A per child amount determined by dividing the total amount received by the State under Part B of the Act for the fiscal year by the number of children with disabilities served in the prior year as reported to the Secretary under section 618 of the Act; by

(2) The number of private school children with disabilities (as defined in §§300.8(a) and 300.130) in the State, LEA or other public agency, as determined by the Secretary on the basis of the most recent satisfactory data available, which may include an estimate of the number of those children with disabilities.

(d) The Secretary deducts from the State’s allocation under Part B of the Act the amount the Secretary determines is necessary to implement a by-pass and pays that amount to the provider of services. The Secretary may withhold this amount from the State’s allocation pending final resolution of any investigation or complaint that could result in a determination that a by-pass must be implemented.

(Authority: 20 U.S.C. 1412(f)(2))

§ 300.192 Notice of intent to implement a by-pass.

(a) Before taking any final action to implement a by-pass, the Secretary provides the SEA and, as appropriate, LEA or other public agency with written notice.

(b) In the written notice, the Secretary—

(1) States the reasons for the proposed by-pass in sufficient detail to allow the SEA and, as appropriate, LEA or other public agency to respond; and

(2) Advises the SEA and, as appropriate, LEA or other public agency that it has a specific period of time (at least 45 days) from receipt of the written notice to submit written objections to the proposed by-pass and that it may request in writing the opportunity for a hearing to show cause why a by-pass should not be implemented.

(c) The Secretary sends the notice to the SEA and, as appropriate, LEA or other public agency by certified mail with return receipt requested.

(Authority: 20 U.S.C. 1412(f)(3)(A))

§ 300.193 Request to show cause.

An SEA, LEA or other public agency in receipt of a notice under §300.192 that seeks an opportunity to show cause why a by-pass should not be implemented must submit a written request for a show cause hearing to the Secretary, within the specified time period in the written notice in §300.192(b)(2).

(Authority: 20 U.S.C. 1412(f)(3))

§ 300.194 Show cause hearing.

(a) If a show cause hearing is requested, the Secretary—

(1) Notifies the SEA and affected LEA or other public agency, and other appropriate public and private school officials of the time and place for the hearing;

(2) Designates a person to conduct the show cause hearing. The designee must not have had any responsibility for the matter brought for a hearing; and

(3) Notifies the SEA, LEA or other public agency, and representatives of private schools that they may be represented by legal counsel and submit oral or written evidence and arguments at the hearing.

(b) At the show cause hearing, the designee considers matters such as—

(1) The necessity for implementing a by-pass;

(2) Possible factual errors in the written notice of intent to implement a by-pass; and

(3) The objections raised by public and private school representatives.

(c) The designee may regulate the course of the proceedings and the conduct of parties during the pendency of the proceedings. The designee takes all steps necessary to conduct a fair and impartial proceeding, to avoid delay, and to maintain order.

(d) The designee has no authority to require or conduct discovery.

(e) The designee may interpret applicable statutes and regulations, but may not waive them or rule on their validity.

(f) The designee arranges for the preparation, retention, and, if appropriate, dissemination of the record of the hearing.

(g) Within 10 days after the hearing, the designee—

(1) Indicates that a decision will be issued on the basis of the existing record; or

(2) Requests further information from the SEA, LEA, other public agency, representatives of private schools or Department officials.

(Authority: 20 U.S.C. 1412(f)(3))

§ 300.195 Decision.

(a) The designee who conducts the show cause hearing—

(1) Within 120 days after the record of a show cause hearing is closed, issues a written decision that includes a statement of findings; and

(2) Submits a copy of the decision to the Secretary and sends a copy to each party by certified mail with return receipt requested.

(b) Each party may submit comments and recommendations on the designee’s decision to the Secretary within 30 days of the date the party receives the designee’s decision.

(c) The Secretary adopts, reverses, or modifies the designee’s decision and notifies all parties to the show cause hearing of the Secretary’s final action. That notice is sent by certified mail with return receipt requested.

(Authority: 20 U.S.C. 1412(f)(3))

§ 300.196 Filing requirements.

(a) Any written submission under §300.194 must be filed by hand-delivery, by mail, or by facsimile transmission. The Secretary discourages the use of facsimile transmission for documents longer than five pages.

(b) The filing date under paragraph (a) of this section is the date the document is—

(1) Hand-delivered;

(2) Mailed; or

(3) Sent by facsimile transmission.

(c) A party filing by facsimile transmission is responsible for confirming that a complete and legible copy of the document was received by the Department.

(d) If a document is filed by facsimile transmission, the Secretary or the hearing officer, as applicable, may require the filing of a follow-up hard copy by hand-delivery or by mail within a reasonable period of time.

(e) If agreed upon by the parties, service of a document may be made upon the other party by facsimile transmission.

(f) A party must show a proof of mailing to establish the filing date under paragraph (b)(2) of this section as provided in 34 CFR 75.102(d).

(Authority: 20 U.S.C. 1412(f)(3))

§ 300.197 Judicial review.

If dissatisfied with the Secretary’s final action, the SEA may, within 60 days after notice of that action, file a petition for review with the United States Court of Appeals for the circuit in which the State is located. The procedures for judicial review are described in section 612(f)(3) (B) through (D) of the Act.

(Authority: 20 U.S.C. 1412(f)(3)(B)–(D))

§ 300.198 Continuation of a by-pass.

The Secretary continues a by-pass until the Secretary determines that the SEA, LEA or other public agency will meet the requirements for providing services to private school children.

(Authority: 20 U.S.C. 1412(f)(2)(C))

State Administration

§ 300.199 State administration.

(a) Rulemaking. Each State that receives funds under Part B of the Act must—

(1) Ensure that any State rules, regulations, and policies relating to this part conform to the purposes of this part;

(2) Identify in writing to LEAs located in the State and the Secretary any such rule, regulation, or policy as a State-imposed requirement that is not required by Part B of the Act and Federal regulations; and

(3) Minimize the number of rules, regulations, and policies to which the LEAs and schools located in the State are subject under Part B of the Act.

(b) Support and facilitation. State rules, regulations, and policies under Part B of the Act must support and facilitate LEA and school-level system improvement designed to enable children with disabilities to meet the challenging State student academic achievement standards.

(Approved by the Office of Management and Budget under control number 1820–0030)

(Authority: 20 U.S.C. 1407)

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