Specific Disabilities

En español | In Spanish NICHCY offers brief, but detailed fact sheets on specific disabilities. Each fact sheet defines the disability, describes its characteristics, offers tips for parents and teachers, and connects you with related information and organizations with special expertise in that disability. Don't see the disability you were looking for listed below? Try our suggestions page. _____________________ Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity … [Read more...]

Categories of Disability Under IDEA

March 2012 In PDF In Spanish | En español The nation's special education law is called the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, or IDEA. As part of making special education and related services available to children with disabilities in the public schools, IDEA defines the term "child with a disability." That definition includes specific disability terms, which are also defined by IDEA, as this webpage describes. The IDEA's disability … [Read more...]

Deafness and Hearing Loss

NICHCY Disability Fact Sheet 3 (FS3) June 2010 Links updated, July 2013 Approximately 8 pages when printed.PDF versionEn español | In SpanishIn This Publication:Caroline's storyAbout hearing loss in childrenTypes of hearing lossSigns of hearing lossCausesIs there help available?Definition in IDEAEducational implicationsUsing the relay serviceResources ___________________________________________________________Caroline's StoryCaroline is six years … [Read more...]

Special Factors in IEP Development

September 2010 Resources updated, March 2013  The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) lists five special factors that the IEP team must consider in the development, review, and revision of each child’s IEP. Read IDEA's exact words.The discussion below will highlight the importance of these special factors in the education of children with disabilities and the need for individualized consideration of these factors in IEP development … [Read more...]

Considering the Needs of Students Who Are Deaf or Hard of Hearing

A resource for IEP Teams December 2010 PDF version This checklist is included as a Resource for Trainers in Theme D of NICHCY’s Building the Legacy training curriculum on IDEA. It was adapted from the Nebraska Department of Education’s Nebraska IEP Technical Assistance Guide (1998, September). That document is no longer available online, but an updated version is, at: http://www.education.ne.gov/SPED/technicalassist/IEP%20DOCUMENT.pdf ______________________ … [Read more...]

Detect hearing loss early via the EHDI program

EDHI stands for Early Hearing Detection & Intervention. EDHI programs  are located in states and territories and are designed to identify infants with hearing loss.For info in English http://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/hearingloss/index.htmlFor info in Spanishhttp://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/ehdi/spanish/default.htm  … [Read more...]

A parent’s guide to hearing loss

If you've recently found out that your child has a hearing loss or is deaf, here's a very handy guide from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). (link updated August 2012) http://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/hearingloss/parentsguide/ … [Read more...]

Deaf and hard of hearing children: Federal support for developing language and literacy

This 2011 report comes from the U.S. Government Accountability Office (GAO). The report looks at the extent of hearing loss among children, the settings in which children with hearing loss are educated, the factors that help these children acquire language and literacy skills, and the challenges to providing appropriate interventions for them. http://www.gao.gov/products/GAO-11-357  … [Read more...]

State of educational practices for children who are deaf/hard of hearing

This policy analysis from Project Forum is based on surveys sent to directors of special education and IDEA Part C coordinators. It includes information on state screening practices, schools for the deaf, services provided, professional development, funding, changes since cochlear implants became available, and challenges. http://projectforum.org/docs/ChildrenWhoareDeaf-HOH-StateoftheEducationalPractice.pdf … [Read more...]

Without Data All We Have Are Assumptions: Revisiting the Meaning of a Free Appropriate Public Education

August 2012Read the article (PDF)About This ArticleThirty years ago, the United States Supreme Court handed down its first major decision interpreting the nation’s special education law, now commonly called the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA). In Board of Education of the Hendrick Hudson Central School District v. Rowley, the U.S. Supreme Court interpreted the IDEA requirement that schools provide a "free and appropriate public … [Read more...]

NOTICE: The National Dissemination Center for Children with Disabilities (NICHCY) is no longer in operation. Our funding from the U.S. Department of Education’s Office of Special Education Programs (OSEP) ended on September 30, 2013. Our website and all its free resources will remain available until September 30, 2014.