Specific Disabilities

En español | In Spanish NICHCY offers brief, but detailed fact sheets on specific disabilities. Each fact sheet defines the disability, describes its characteristics, offers tips for parents and teachers, and connects you with related information and organizations with special expertise in that disability. Don't see the disability you were looking for listed below? Try our suggestions page. _____________________ Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity … [Read more...]

Categories of Disability Under IDEA

March 2012 In PDF In Spanish | En español The nation's special education law is called the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, or IDEA. As part of making special education and related services available to children with disabilities in the public schools, IDEA defines the term "child with a disability." That definition includes specific disability terms, which are also defined by IDEA, as this webpage describes. The IDEA's disability … [Read more...]

Developmental Delay

Updated March 2012 NICHCY Disability Fact Sheet No. 9 (FS9) PDF version If you're reading this, perhaps you're concerned about your child's development. We're glad you're here, because there are many immediate things you can do to help your son or daughter. First, know that there's help available to find out just what the difficulties are, if any, and address those difficulties. The good news is that this help is usually free, and … [Read more...]

Overview of Early Intervention

Esta información en español | This information in Spanish December 2012 If you're concerned about the development of an infant or toddler, or you suspect that a little one has a disability, this page will summarize one terrific source of help---the early intervention system in your state. Early intervention services can help infants and toddlers with disabilities or delays to learn many key skills and catch up in their development. There's … [Read more...]

Developmental Milestones

September 2010 | Links updated, February 2013 In Spanish | En español Childhood is a time of tremendous growth and learning. How very exciting to be a baby...or a two-year-old... or get on a school bus for the first time. There's so much to know! We all come into the world like small waiting sponges, ready to absorb what's around us. Yet we're all different, too---another of life's little marvels. We also develop at different rates. Some … [Read more...]

NOTICE: The National Dissemination Center for Children with Disabilities (NICHCY) is no longer in operation. Our funding from the U.S. Department of Education’s Office of Special Education Programs (OSEP) ended on September 30, 2013. Our website and all its free resources will remain available until September 30, 2014.