Specific Disabilities

En español | In Spanish NICHCY offers brief, but detailed fact sheets on specific disabilities. Each fact sheet defines the disability, describes its characteristics, offers tips for parents and teachers, and connects you with related information and organizations with special expertise in that disability. Don't see the disability you were looking for listed below? Try our suggestions page. _____________________ Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity … [Read more...]

Categories of Disability Under IDEA

March 2012 In PDF In Spanish | En español The nation's special education law is called the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, or IDEA. As part of making special education and related services available to children with disabilities in the public schools, IDEA defines the term "child with a disability." That definition includes specific disability terms, which are also defined by IDEA, as this webpage describes. The IDEA's disability … [Read more...]

Learning Disabilities (LD)

NICHCY Disability Fact Sheet 7 (FS-7) January 2011PDF versionEn españolIn This Publication:Sara’s storyWhat are learning disabilities?How common are they?What are the signs?About the evaluation processWhat if the school declines to evaluate your child?Definition of "specific learning disabilities" under IDEAAdditional evaluation procedures for LDWhat about school?Tips and resources for teachersTips and resources for parents____________________________ Sara’s … [Read more...]

Connecting with the Expertise of Special Education

Updated July 2012 Links checked, January 2013 Special educators have a tremendous amount of expertise to share, especially about individualizing instruction for students with specific kinds of disabilities and taking into account each child's special needs. Take advantage of the knowledge base that's built up over years of providing special education services to children with disabilities, starting with the section below on Special Education Websites. … [Read more...]

Addressing the General Education Curriculum

September 2010 Links updated, May 2013IDEA requires that students with disabilities be involved in, and make progress in, the general education curriculum. This refers to the same subject matter and skills that children without disabilities are expected to learn: math, science, history, and so on. Moreover, most children with disabilities are educated in the general education classroom, alongside their peers who do not have disabilities.To read more … [Read more...]

Behavior at School

November 2009 Links updated, May 2013 Behavior at school. What a gigantic topic, for families and schools alike. NICHCY is pleased to connect you with resources for helping children with disabilities with respect to behavior at school. School presents a unique challenge for children with behavior issues. Teachers need tools to use to help provide support and guidance.  Administrators need methods for creating a positive learning atmosphere … [Read more...]

The Power of Strategy Instruction

by Stephen D. Luke, Ed.D. Evidence for Education, Volume 1, Issue 1, 2006 Links updated, October 2010 Download PDF Table of Contents Introduction Early Studies of the Good Learner Spotlight on...the SIM Model SIM Content Literacy Continuum: A Working Example Spotlight on...SRSD for Writing Combining Strategy Instruction with Direct Instruction Promise Beyond LD Conclusion If you've ever played the game of chess, chances are you … [Read more...]

Social Skills and Academic Achievement

Evidence for Education, Volume III, Issue 2 August 2008 (Links updated, February 2011) by Kathlyn M. Steedly, Ph.D., Amanda Schwartz, Ph.D., Michael Levin, M.A., & Stephen D. Luke, Ed.D. PDF version Table of Contents Introduction Social Skills - What Are They? What the Research Says Group 1: Beginning Social Skills What About Maria? Putting Programs Into Practice Conclusion Additional Info References Introduction Maria, … [Read more...]

Effective Mathematics Instruction

by Kathlyn Steedly, Ph.D., Kyrie Dragoo, M.Ed., Sousan Arefeh, Ph.D., & Stephen D. Luke, Ed.D. Evidence for Education  • Volume III • Issue I • 2008 Links updated, August 2012 Download PDF Table of Contents What Students Need to Know and We Need To Teach How Disabilities Can Affect Math Achievement Effective Math Instruction for Students with Learning Difficulties Choosing and Using Effective Math Intervention Strategies Glossary References _________________________ “Can … [Read more...]

Research-Based Resources on Specific Disabilities

Resources updated March 2013 Authors Dr. Barbara Smith & Kyrie Dragoo Research Analysts, NICHCY Here's a multitude of educational research connections you might find useful as you plan and deliver services to children with disabilities: Disability research, in general Research on AD/HD Research on Autism Research on Emotional/Behavioral Disturbance Research on Intellectual Disabilities Research on Learning Disabilities  Back … [Read more...]

NOTICE: The National Dissemination Center for Children with Disabilities (NICHCY) is no longer in operation. Our funding from the U.S. Department of Education’s Office of Special Education Programs (OSEP) ended on September 30, 2013. Our website and all its free resources will remain available until September 30, 2014.