Children (3 to 22)

September 2010 In Spanish | En español The education of children with disabilities is a top national priority. Our nation's special education law, the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), sets high standards for their achievement and guides how special help and services are made available in schools to address their individual needs. More than 6 million children with disabilities receive special education and related services … [Read more...]

Supports, Modifications, and Accommodations for Students

September 2010 For many students with disabilities—and for many without—the key to success in the classroom lies in having appropriate adaptations, accommodations, and modifications made to the instruction and other classroom activities. Some adaptations are as simple as moving a distractible student to the front of the class or away from the pencil sharpener or the window. Other modifications may involve changing the way that material is … [Read more...]

Others with Knowledge or Special Expertise About the Child

September 2010 Table of Contents IDEA's requirements, summarized Who decides if the individual has the necessary expertise? About related services   IDEA's requirements, summarized According to IDEA, the IEP Team may also include additional individuals with knowledge or special expertise about the child. These individuals participate as members of the team at the discretion of the parents or the school system, meaning that either … [Read more...]

Related Services

September 2010 Resources updated, March 2013 This info in Spanish | Esta información en español The IEP must contain a statement of the special education and related services and supplementary aids and services to be provided to the child, or on behalf of the child. We've split up the discussion of each of these important elements, because there is so much to say about each. This article focuses on related services. _______________________ IDEA's … [Read more...]

Key Terms to Know in Special Education

October 2010 En español | In SpanishSpecial education is full of terms that people constantly use in writing and in conversation, and it's important to know what those terms mean. NICHCY is pleased to provide this handy reference to special education terminology, and hopes it helps our readers quickly connect with the meaning of pivotal words and phrases in the field.Quick-Jump Index to the TermsPoint of Reference: IDEAChild with a disabilityFAPE … [Read more...]

Q & A on IDEA 2004: Purposes and Key Definitions

April 2009 PDF Version More than 6.8 million children with disabilities in our public schools receive special education and related services as part of their publicly funded education. (1) But... What is special education? What are related services? Who’s considered a "child with a disability?" This Q&A is designed to answer these questions—looking in detail at the mandates and requirements of our nation’s special education … [Read more...]

Module 1: Top 10 Basics of Special Education

by Lisa Küpper, NICHCY July 2007 ** Este módulo está disponible en español: Los 10 Datos Principales Acerca de la Educación Especial Module 1 welcomes everyone to IDEA. With these training materials, you can learn about and give trainings that include: a quick overview to the 10 major steps in special education (three of which are evaluation, eligibility, and writing the IEP); and the top 5 acronyms used in special education (IDEA, … [Read more...]

Module 13: Content of the IEP

by Theresa Rebhorn and Lisa Küpper NICHCY | National Dissemination Center for Children with Disabilities December 2007 **Este módulo está disponible en español: El Contenido del IEP Module 13 looks in detail at the information that must be included in the IEP of every child with a disability receiving special education and related services under IDEA. This is critical knowledge for families and school personnel to have! The module  is available … [Read more...]

Related services: Common supports for students with disabilities

This training module from the IRIS Center describes related services and offers an overview of the benefits they provide to students with disabilities in the general education classroom. It highlights 5 commonly used related services (physical therapy, occupational therapy, speech-language pathology, social work services, and psychological services) and briefly highlights many of the other related services identified in IDEA ’04. http://iris.peabody.vanderbilt.edu/rs/chalcycle.htm … [Read more...]

NOTICE: The National Dissemination Center for Children with Disabilities (NICHCY) is no longer in operation. Our funding from the U.S. Department of Education’s Office of Special Education Programs (OSEP) ended on September 30, 2013. Our website and all its free resources will remain available until September 30, 2014.