Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973

_________________________________Alert! Alert! Because NICHCY’s website will only remain online until September 30, 2014, most of its rich content has moved to a new home, the Center for Parent Information and Resources (CPIR), where it can be kept up to date. The new address of "Section 504" at the CPIR is: Sobre la Sección 504 en español | About … [Read more...]

Sample 504 plans

Wondering what a 504 Plan should look like? These templates and accommodation lists, put on the Web by school districts and disability organizations, can give parents and schools an idea of what to look at and look for when working together to develop a plan for a child. … [Read more...]

Frequently asked questions about Section 504 and the education of children with disabilities

This  is a guidance document published by the Office for Civil Rights (OCR) in the U.S. Department of Education.  As an authoritative source, that can't be beat!  Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 requires a school district to provide a "free appropriate public education" (FAPE) to each qualified student with a disability who is in the school district's jurisdiction, regardless of the nature or severity of the disability. Under Section … [Read more...]

Does Section 504 Require a Section 504 Plan for Each Eligible Non-IDEA Student?

April 2012 Read the article (PDF) About This Article Although overlapping with and extending well beyond the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, the two key questions under Section 504 for students in K-12 public schools who do not meet the IDEA definition of disability are: who is eligible? and for those who are eligible, what is their entitlement? The Americans with Disability Act Amendments Act (ADAAA), which went into … [Read more...]

A Roadmap to Legal Dispute Resolution for Students with Disabilities

April 2012Read the article (PDF)About this ArticleThis article maps out the similarities and differences among the various routes to Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) and Section 504 dispute resolution, including those not widely and well known to special education leaders.  For IDEA-eligible students, the alternative avenues consist of not only the impartial hearing procedures and the state education agency's complaint investigation/resolution … [Read more...]

Key differences between Section 504 and IDEA

Are you confused about the differences between Section 504 and IDEA? You aren't alone. It's important for the parent to understand that their child has different rights under Section 504 and IDEA. This article from Wrightslaw is an excellent summary of those differences. (posted October 12, 2012)  … [Read more...]

The Legal Issues of Identification and Intervention for K–12 Students with Dyslexia

November 2012 Read the article (PDF) About This Article The two primary sources for identification and intervention for dyslexia are the IDEA and Section 504, although a handful of states have laws that have special provisions specific to dyslexia. The first part of this article provides an overview of these federal and state laws, along with an illustrative sample of the pertinent court decisions. The concluding section of this article analyzes … [Read more...]

Second Circuit and New York Case Law under the IDEA and Section 504/ADA

February 2013 Read the article (PDF) About This Article With the exception of the District of Columbia, New York is the leading jurisdiction in terms of adjudicated impartial hearings under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA).  Thus, its impartial hearing officers may find it beneficial to have a ready source of the judicial precedents in their jurisdiction. This annotated outline is a 11/21/12 compilation of most … [Read more...]

Seventh Circuit and Illinois Law under the IDEA and Section 504/ADA

February 2013Read the article (PDF)About This ArticleThis annotated outline is a compilation of most of the officially and unofficially published special education decisions issued by the Seventh Circuit and the courts in Illinois starting in 1995 and ending with the compiling date of 12/31/12.Because the primary intended use is for Illinois impartial hearing officers (IHOs), the coverage does not extend to pertinent rulings that are no longer … [Read more...]

Top Five Section 504 Errors Redux

September 2013Read the article (PDF)About this ArticleIn a previous issue of ELA Notes, Perry Zirkel provided a brief set of practical tips, in the form of No-No’s, concerning eligibility under Section 504.  In  light of the Americans with Disabilities Amendments Act (ADAA), which reversed various judicial interpretations of the definition of disability in Section 504 and its sister statute, the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), he offers … [Read more...]

NOTICE: NICHCY is going away, but its resources are not. Find hundreds of legacy NICHCY publications, as well as our training curriculum on IDEA 2004, in the Center for Parent Information and Resources' Library at This website will remain available until September 30, 2014. After that date, web visitors will be automatically redirected to