Specific Disabilities

En español | In Spanish NICHCY offers brief, but detailed fact sheets on specific disabilities. Each fact sheet defines the disability, describes its characteristics, offers tips for parents and teachers, and connects you with related information and organizations with special expertise in that disability. Don't see the disability you were looking for listed below? Try our suggestions page. _____________________ Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity … [Read more...]

Categories of Disability Under IDEA

March 2012 In PDF In Spanish | En español The nation's special education law is called the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, or IDEA. As part of making special education and related services available to children with disabilities in the public schools, IDEA defines the term "child with a disability." That definition includes specific disability terms, which are also defined by IDEA, as this webpage describes. The IDEA's disability … [Read more...]

Visual Impairment, Including Blindness

NICHCY Disability Fact Sheet 13 (FS13) November 2012 Approximately 7 pages when printed.PDF versionEn español | In SpanishTable of Contents Julian's storyVisual impairments in childrenTypes of visual impairmentSigns of a visual impairmentHow common are visual impairments?Understanding how children with VIs learnThe help available under IDEAHow IDEA defines visual impairmentWorking with the medical communityAdapting the environmentEducational considerationsTips … [Read more...]

Special Factors in IEP Development

September 2010 Resources updated, March 2013  The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) lists five special factors that the IEP team must consider in the development, review, and revision of each child’s IEP. Read IDEA's exact words.The discussion below will highlight the importance of these special factors in the education of children with disabilities and the need for individualized consideration of these factors in IEP development … [Read more...]

Connecting with the Expertise of Special Education

Updated July 2012 Links checked, January 2013 Special educators have a tremendous amount of expertise to share, especially about individualizing instruction for students with specific kinds of disabilities and taking into account each child's special needs. Take advantage of the knowledge base that's built up over years of providing special education services to children with disabilities, starting with the section below on Special Education Websites. … [Read more...]

Considering Blindness and Visual Impairment

A resource for IEP Teams December 2010 PDF version This checklist is originally included as a Resource for Trainers in Theme D of NICHCY’s Building the Legacy training curriculum on IDEA. It was adapted from the Nebraska Department of Education’s Nebraska IEP Technical Assistance Guide (1998, September). That document is no longer available online, but an updated version is. We've provided the updated checklist below. Find the entire … [Read more...]

Off to college: Tips for students with visual impairments

Off to College: Tips for Students with Visual Impairments provides information on how to make the transition to college, including how to find the best school and visiting their office for students with disabilities, determining whether any accommodations will be needed, communicating with teachers about one’s disability, getting books and other materials, and orienting oneself around the campus.  (posted May 3, 2012)http://www.c3online.org/PHP-c170.pdf  … [Read more...]

National Center for Blind Youth in Science | Web portal

This site is a clearinghouse of information and resources regarding blind youth and science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM) subjects and careers. Users may find information about how to adapt science lessons, where to find accessible math programs, and what nonvisual techniques are most effective in the STEM areas. Users may also read biographies of successful blind scientists and hear interviews as these professionals discuss the challenges … [Read more...]

NOTICE: The National Dissemination Center for Children with Disabilities (NICHCY) is no longer in operation. Our funding from the U.S. Department of Education’s Office of Special Education Programs (OSEP) ended on September 30, 2013. Our website and all its free resources will remain available until September 30, 2014.