Research Summaries

Re-designed November 2010 Updated January 2013 These days parents, educators, and policy makers are asking what the research evidence has to say about working with children who have disabilities. What classroom strategies, behavioral supports, and other educational interventions have strong foundations in scientific research to inform and guide practice?  This section of NICHCY's website is devoted to summarizing research in special education … [Read more...]

Students with Learning Disabilities and the Process of Writing

NICHCY's structured abstract 19 describes the following: Title | Students with Learning Disabilities and the Process of Writing: A Meta-Analysis of SRSD Studies Author | Graham, S., & Harris, K. R. Source | In H. L. Swanson, K. R. Harris, & S. Graham (Eds.), Handbook of learning disabilities (pp. 323-344). New York: Guilford Press. Year Published | 2003   Abstract The Handbook of Learning Disabilities (LD) is an edited compendium … [Read more...]

Teaching Expressive Writing to Students with Learning Disabilities: A Meta-Analysis

NICHCY's Structured Abstract 13 describes the following: Title | Teaching Expressive Writing to Students with Learning Disabilities: A Meta-Analysis Authors | Gersten, R., & Baker, S. Source | Elementary School Journal, 97(5), 475-500. Year Published | 2001 Abstract Presents results of a meta-analysis of 13 studies published during the period 1963-1997 concerning writing interventions for students with learning disabilities. All examined studies … [Read more...]

What is dysgraphia?

Dysgraphia is a learning disability that affects writing, which requires a complex set of motor and information processing skills. Dysgraphia makes the act of writing difficult. It can lead to problems with spelling, poor handwriting, and putting thoughts on paper. This fact sheet from the National Center for Learning Disabilities looks at warning signs of dysgraphia, what strategies can help, and how to approach writing assignments. (posted May 3, … [Read more...]

Writing Without the Blocks

by Ira David Socol Adapted and reposted with permission from our friends at Special Education Advisor. Ira David Socol is an educational consultant, advocate, researcher, and instructor in the College of Education at Michigan State University. He works with schools and school districts seeking to rethink the total educational environment in which their students learn. ******************************************************************************************************** I … [Read more...]

NOTICE: NICHCY is going away, but its resources are not. Find hundreds of legacy NICHCY publications, as well as our training curriculum on IDEA 2004, in the Center for Parent Information and Resources' Library at This website will remain available until September 30, 2014. After that date, web visitors will be automatically redirected to